Category Archives: Latest Research

ENGLAND: SUICIDE PREVENTION: SECOND ANNUAL REPORT

This report summarises the latest trends, research and developments on suicide prevention in England

The report:

  • calls on services to be more ambitious about suicide prevention, and challenge the assumption that suicide is inevitable
  • highlights 3 areas in England that have already adopted a zero suicide ambition
  • outlines how services can improve by adopting this new attitude and effective interventions

The annual report has been prepared with the input of leading experts in the field of suicide prevention, including the members of the National Suicide Prevention Strategy Advisory Group.

FURTHER INFORMATION: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/suicide-prevention-second-annual-report

UK: ‘KEEPING CHILDREN SAFE AT HOME’ PROGRAMME

Every year in the UK, over a quarter of a million children under the age or 5 have to go to hospital because of a fall, scald or swallowing something that may be harmful. Most of these accidents happen in the home or garden.

Not much is known about the best ways of stopping accidents at home, which is why University of Nottingham are doing this study. The aim is to develop guidelines (“Injury Prevention Briefings”) for organisations who work with children about important home safety advice for families, and the best way in which to provide this.

 

 

NEW CAPIC REVIEW DATABASE GOES LIVE!

The new CAPIC Injury Prevention Review Database went live today.  It is a searchable online database designed to support injury prevention practitioners with limited time to conduct their own literature reviews. It contains both reviews and systematic reviews in the areas of safety promotion and injury prevention.

EUROPE: NATIONAL ACTION TO ADDRESS CHILD INTENTIONAL INJURY LAUNCHED BY EUROPEAN CHILD SAFETY ALLIANCE

We are pleased to announce the launch of the report on National Action to Address Child Intentional Injury, by the European Child Safety Alliance with the support of Vice President of the European Parliament Isabelle Durant and  Chair of the European Network of Ombudspersons for Children Bernard de Vos,

The report and press release are available at www.childsafetyeurope.org

The report describes the prevalence of intentional injuries to children in the European Union, including maltreatment, peer to peer violence and self-directed violence, and examines the level of uptake of national level policies to address intentional child injuries in over 25 Member States.   This is the first time that national actions to address child intentional injury are being comprehensively assessed and reported on in the EU.

 

WALES: NEW CHAPPIE INFORMATION BULLETIN RELEASED

Contains all the latest news, research and reports from the field of Child Accident Prevention.

WORLD: WHO REPORT ON SPINAL INJURIES

Countries Covered: World
Date: 2013

A new World Health Organisation (WHO) report, “International perspectives on spinal cord injury” was published on 2 December 2013. This notes that as many as 500 000 people suffer a spinal cord injury each year.

GREATER EXPECTATIONS – NEW REPORT ON INEQUALITIES BY NATIONAL CHILDREN BUREAU

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 2013

The National Children’s Bureau has produced a report – Greater Expectations – which examines 12 key indicators to determine whether children in this country are still experiencing inequality and disadvantage. This new report shows that far from improving over time, the situation today appears to be no better than it was nearly five decades ago.  Accident prevention is mentioned quite a lot and you can access a copy of the report using the following link: http://www.ncb.org.uk/12976.

MOTHERS’ PERSPECTIVES ON THE DELIVERY OF CHILDHOOD MESSAGES

Countries Covered: Wales & UK
Date: 2013

This research, commissioned by Children in Wales and published in BMC Public Health journal, explored mothers’ knowledge and awareness of child injury prevention and sought to discover mothers’ views about the best method of designing interventions to deliver appropriate child safety messages to prevent injury in the home. The findings suggested that timely childhood injury-related risk messages should be delivered during pregnancy and in line with developmental milestones of the child, through a range of sources including social networks, mass media, face-to-face advice from health professionals and other suitably trained mothers. In addition information on the safe use of home appliances around children and use of child safety equipment should be targeted specifically at those who have recently migrated to the United Kingdom.

GLOBAL ECONOMIC CRISIS LINKED TO SUICIDE RISE

Countries Covered: World
Date: 2013

The recent economic crisis could be to blame for an increase in suicide rates in Europe and America, say experts.

VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN REPORT

The report presents the first global systematic review of scientific data on the prevalence of two forms of violence against women: violence by an intimate partner (intimate partner violence) and sexual violence by someone other than a partner (non-partner sexual violence). It shows, for the first time, global and regional estimates of the prevalence of these two forms of violence, using data from around the world. Previous reporting on violence against women has not differentiated between partner- and nonpartner violence.

RESEARCH RAISES CONCERNS OVER SMOKE ALARM’S EFFECTIVENESS AT WAKING UP CHILDREN

Standard domestic smoke detectors may not always wake children in the event of a fire, according to research by the University of Strathclyde’s Centre for Forensic Science and Derbyshire Fire & Rescue Service.

DROWNING RESEARCH IDENTIFIES POTENTIAL TARGETS FOR WATER SAFETY CAMPAIGNS

Young Scottish and Welsh men, some watersports and areas with the greatest amount of inland water should be targeted for drowning prevention campaigns, according to the findings of a pioneering analysis of water fatality figures.

MORE THAN A MILLION CHILDREN IN UK UNABLE TO SWIM

More than a million primary schoolchildren are unable to swim, says a major survey out today.

A report by swimming’s governing body, the Amateur Swimming Association, shows that 51 per cent of seven to 11-year-olds are unable to swim the length of a typical pool (25 metres).

NATIONAL SURVEY OF THE INJURY PREVENTION ACTIVITIES OF CHILDREN’S CENTRES

Children’s centres were established across England to provide a range of services including early education, social care and health to pre-school children and their families. The authors surveyed children’s centres to ascertain the activities they were undertaking to prevent unintentional injuries in the under fives. The authors concluded children’s centres need further support if they are to effectively tackle this important public health area.

CHILD DEATHS DUE TO INJURY IN THE FOUR UK COUNTRIES FROM 1980 TO 2010

Country: UK
Date: 2013
Determining patterns and trends in child injury mortality can identify groups at particularly high risk. This study compares trends in child deaths due to injury in the four home countries between 1980 and 2010.

EVIDENCE REVIEW ON ALCOHOL AND DRUG MISUSE IN PREGNANT WOMEN

This Public Health Wales report sets out the epidemiology of substance misuse in Wales and provides a review of the evidence for interventions to identify and treat substance misuse in pregnant women.

VIOLENCE AGAINST OLDER WOMEN

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 2013

The University of East Anglia have conducted research on intimate partner violence against older women (60+) and have produced a report of their findings.

 

ABUSE RESEARCH

Countries Covered: Wales
Date: 2013

The Unit for Development in Intellectual Disabilities at the University of Glamorgan has released the findings of their Looking into Abuse research

 

 

EXPERTS BACK REPORT ‘HEALTH FIRST – AN EVIDENCE-BASED ALCOHOL STRATEGY FOR THE UK’

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 2013

More than 70 health organisations (PDF) from across the UK have backed a new independent alcohol strategy calling for the UK Government to prioritise Minimum Unit Pricing (MUP), amongst a set of key policies aimed at curbing the nation’s drink problem.

SOURCE: University of Stirling News

NEW REPORT LINKING SCALDS TO DISADVANTAGED FAMILIES

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 2013

A new study by researchers from the University of Nottingham has found that children from deprived households are a staggering 80% more likely to have a scald compared to those in better-off homes.

SOURCE: CAPT Website

SHOCKING NEW STATISTICS ON HEAD INJURIES AMONG MEN WHO ARE HOMELESS OR IN DANGER OF LOSING THEIR HOME

Men who are heavy drinkers and homeless for long periods of time have 400 times the number of head injuries as the general population, according to a new study by researchers who said they were shocked by their findings.

These men have 170 times as many severe head injuries as the general population and 300 times as many injuries that cause bleeding in the brain.

SOURCE: Medical News Today

THE ADVOCACY FOR PEDESTRIAN SAFETY STUDY: CLUSTER RANDOMISED TRIAL EVALUATING A POLITICAL ADVOCACY APPROACH TO REDUCE PEDESTRIAN INJURIES IN DEPRIVED COMMUNITIES

This study demonstrates the feasibility of an innovative approach to translational public health by targeting local politicians in a randomised controlled trial. The intervention package was positively viewed and raised interest but changes in interventions were not statistically significance. Longer term supported advocacy may be needed.

Citation: Lyons, RA et al (2013)  The Advocacy for Pedestrian Safety Study: Cluster Randomised Trial Evaluating a Political Advocacy Approach to Reduce Pedestrian Injuries in Deprived Communities. PloS one.

VIOLENCE AGAINST OLDER WOMEN

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 2013

The University of East Anglia have conducted research on intimate partner violence against older women (60+) and have produced a report of their findings.

MANAGED ALCOHOL AS A HARM REDUCTION INTERVENTION FOR ALCOHOL ADDICTION IN POPULATIONS AT HIGH RISK FOR SUB-STANCE ABUSE

Countries Covered: World
Date: 
2013

The lack of evidence does not allow for a conclusion regarding the efficacy of MAP on their own, or as compared to brief intervention, moderate drinking, no intervention or 12-step variants. It is the review authors’ opinion that it is likely to be the objective of MAPs that reduce their reportability and use in current practice, rather than a failure to provide an intervention that reduces the effects of alcohol dependence.

Citation: Muckle W, Muckle J, Welch V, Tugwell P. Cochrane Database Syst. Rev. 2012 12(ePub): CD006747.

PSYCHOLOGICAL THERAPIES FOR THE TREATMENT OF POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS

Countries Covered: World
Date: 
2013

Much more evidence is needed to demonstrate the relative effectiveness of different psychological therapies or the effectiveness of psychological therapies compared to other treatments. More details are required in future trials in regards to the types of trauma that preceded the diagnosis of PTSD and whether the traumas are single event or ongoing. Future studies should also aim to identify the most valid and reliable measures of PTSD symptoms and ensure that all scores, total and sub-scores, are consistently reported.

Citation: Gillies D, Taylor F, Gray C, O’Brien L, D’Abrew N. Cochrane Database Syst. Rev. 2012 612(online): CD00672

INTERVENTIONS TO PREVENT INJURIES IN CONSTRUCTION WORKERS

Countries Covered: Scotland
Date:
 2013

Additional strategies are needed to increase the compliance of em-ployers and workers to the safety measures that are prescribed by regulation. Continuing company-oriented inter-ventions among management and construction workers, such as a targeted safety campaign or a drug-free work-place programme, seem to have an effect in reducing injuries in the longer term.

Citation: Van der Molen HF, Lehtola MM, Lappalainen J, Hoonakker PL, Hsiao H, Haslam R, Hale AR, Frings-Dresen MH, Verbeek JH. Cochrane Database Syst. Rev. 2013 12(ePub): CD006251

MAKING OUR ROADS SAFER FOR CYCLISTS

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2013

new government-funded study is to be carried out into how Britain’s roads could be made safer for cyclists to re-duce the risk of cycling injuries, encourage more people to use bikes and improve public health.

RESEARCH DOCUMENT ON PREVENTING UNINTENTIONAL INJURIES

Countries Covered: Scotland
Date:
 2013

NHS Health Scotland have released the following report ‘Evidence Summary: Public Health Interventions to prevent unintentional injuries among the under 15s”. The research considers injuries that happen in both the home and road environments.

FACTORS INFLUENCING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF FALL PREVENTION PROGRAMMES: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW AND SYNTHESIS OF QUALITATIVE STUDIES

Countries Covered: World
Date: 
2013

The current literature on barriers and facilitators to the implementation of fall-prevention programmes examines a variety of interventions. We recommend that successful implemen-tation requires individuals, professionals, and organisations to modify established behaviours, thoughts, and prac-tice. The issues identified through this synthesis need to be fully considered and addressed if fall-prevention pro-grammes are to be successfully implemented into clinical practice.

Citation: Child S, Goodwin V, Garside R, Jones-Hughes T, Boddy K, Stein K. Implement. Sci 2013, 7(1): 91.

SYSTEMATIC REVIEW OF PREDICTIVE PERFORMANCE OF INJURY SEVERITY SCORING TOOLS

Countries Covered: Europe
Date: 
2013

High-quality studies were limited. The New Injury Severity Score (NISS) might perform better in the mortality predic-tion of blunt injuries than the Injury Severity Score (ISS). Additional studies are required to standardize the deriva-tion of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-based Injury Severity Score (ICISS) and determine the relative per-formance of the ICISS against the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) based tools.

Citation: Authors: Tohira H, Jacobs I, Mountain D, Gibson N, Yeo A. Scand. Periodical: J. Trauma Resusc. Emerg. Med. 2013 20(1): 63.

CAPIC SYSTEMATIC REVIEW DATABASE & SAFETYLIT

Countries Covered: Europe
Date: 
2013

CAPIC SYSTEMATIC REVIEW DATABASE & SAFETYLIT

A huge amount of research on preventing injuries is carried out across the world. It is difficult for injury prevention practitioners to keep up to date with the latest scientific evidence. Increasingly, scientists are pulling together all the high quality studies on particular topics and collating the results in systematic reviews.

FIREBRAKE WALES RESEARCH WITH LOCAL MIND ASSOCIATIONS (LMAS) AND COMMUNITY DRUG AND ALCOHOL TEAMS (CDATS)

Countries Covered: Wales
Date: 
2012

Firebrake Wales have collaborated with LMAs and CDATs, to produce reports detailing the impact that mental health issues and alcohol misuse have on fire safety in Wales. The reports also provide suggestions on what can be done to mitigate these risks.

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF NEUROMUSCULAR WARM-UP STRATEGIES, THAT REQUIRE NO ADDITIONAL EQUIPMENT, FORPREVENTING LOWER LIMB INJURIES DURING SPORTS PARTICIPATION: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2012

Study Conclusions: Effective implementation of practical neuromuscular warm-up strategies can reduce lower extremity injury incidence in young, amateur, female athletes and male and female military recruits. This is typically a warm-up strategy that includes stretching, strengthening, balance exercises, sports-specific agility drills and landing techniques applied consistently for longer than three consecutive months. In order to optimize these strategies, the mechanisms for their effectiveness require further evaluation.

NHS BRISTOL – NON-COLLISION CYCLING SURVEY

Countries Covered: England
Date:
 2012

NHS Bristol, Cycling City and the West of England Road Safety Partnership have been working together to conduct and publicise the results of a survey investigating the causes and circumstances of non-collision incidents (NCI). The survey found slipping on ice to be the main cause of NCIs, accounting for 1 in 4 NCIs. As a result, NHS Bristol has subsequently employed Lifecycle to work with employers to help them raise awareness of the hazards cyclists face when travelling to work in freezing conditions.

NON-LEGISLATIVE INTERVENTIONS FOR THE PROMOTION OF CYCLE HELMET WEARING BY CHILDREN

Countries Covered: World
Date: 
2012

Study Conclusions: Non-legislative interventions appear to be effective in increasing observed helmet use, particularly community-based interventions and those providing free helmets. Those set in schools appear to be effective but possibly less so than community-based interventions. Interventions providing education only are less effective than those providing free helmets. There is insufficient evidence to recommend providing subsidised helmets at present. Interventions may be more effective if provided to younger rather than older children. There is evidence that interventions offered in healthcare settings can increase self reported helmet wearing. Further high-quality studies are needed to explore whether non-legislative interventions increase helmet wearing, and particularly the effect of providing subsided as opposed to free helmets, and of providing interventions in healthcare settings as opposed to in schools or communities.

Citation: Owen R, Kendrick D, Mulvaney C, Coleman T, Royal S. Cochrane Database Syst. Rev. 2012 11(online): CD003985

Original 2005 study

HOME SAFETY EDUCATION AND PROVISION OF SAFETY EQUIPMENT FOR INJURY PREVENTION

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2012

This review evaluates the effectiveness of home safety education, with or without the provision of low cost, discounted or free equipment (hereafter referred to as home safety interventions), in reducing child injury rates or increasing home safety practices and whether the effect varied by social group.

Citation: Kendrick D, Young B, Mason-Jones AJ, Ilyas N, Achana FA, Cooper NJ, Hubbard SJ, Sutton AJ, Smith S, Wynn P, Mulvaney C, Watson MC, Coupland C. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012, Issue 9. Art. No.: CD005014. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005014.pub3

NHS BRISTOL RESEARCH – PREDICTING FUTURE NEEDS OF FALLS SERVICES

Countries Covered: England
Date:
 2012

NHS Bristol have also been involved in a falls related project ‘Falls—into the future’. This project aims to model trends in fall related emergency admissions of older people, to help predict future needs of falls services. As well as highlighting the need for specialised services to identify and assist people at risk of falling, this analysis also helped make a business case for a Fracture Liaison Service and the development of the Falls/Primary Prevention Services.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND EXERCISE FOR HEALTH AND WELL BEING FOR OLDER PEOPLE

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2012

Reviews from the Cochrane Library assess the benefits of physical activity and exercise on the health and well being of older people.

INTERVENTIONS FOR PREVENTING FALLS IN OLDER PEOPLE LIVING IN THE COMMUNITY

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2012

Conclusions: Group and home-based exercise programmes, and home safety interventions reduce rate of falls and risk of falling.Multifactorial assessment and intervention programmes reduce rate of falls but not risk of falling; Tai Chi reduces risk of falling.Overall, vitamin D supplementation does not appear to reduce falls but may be effective in people who have lower vitamin D levels before treatment.

Citation: Gillespie LD, Robertson MC, Gillespie WJ, Sherrington C, Gates S, Clemson LM, Lamb SE. Cochrane Database Syst. Rev. 2012; 9(ePub): CD007146.

PREVENTING ALCOHOL-RELATED HARM IN DRINKING ENVIRONMENTS

Countries Covered: Europe
Date: 
2012

A major European study has examined research from across the world to identify what works to reduce alcohol-related harm in drinking environments.

ALCOHOL IN THE EUROPEAN UNION: CONSUMPTION, HARM AND POLICY APPROACHES

Countries Covered: Europe
Date: 
2012

The report Alcohol in the European Union: consumption, harm and policy approaches has been recently released by the WHO Regional Office for Europe. This new report uses information gathered in 2011 to update key indicators on alcohol consumption, health outcomes and action to reduce harm across the European Union (EU).

PREVENTING VIOLENCE AND KNIFE CRIME AMONG YOUNG PEOPLE REPORT

Countries Covered: Europe
Date: 
2011

This report describes the burden that violence imposes on the Region, particularly its poorer countries and groups; risk factors and their interactions; factors that can protect young people from violence; and the evidence supporting the efficacy of preventive action. The report concludes by calling for greater investment in prevention and mainstreaming of the objective of preventing violence among young people into other areas of health and social policy.

VIOLENT BRITAIN: PEOPLE, PREVENTION AND PUBLIC HEALTH

Countries Covered: Europe
Date: 
2011

Report identifying the extent, costs and impacts of interpersonal violence in Britain, the risk factors for victims and perpetrators, interventions that can be effective in reducing violence and how these fit into national policy.  Each Chapter describes the extent and impacts of violence in Britain today, and identifies those most at risk of becoming either victims or perpetrators.

A&E CASUALTIES’ POLICE TIP-OFFS HELP CUT CARDIFF CRIME

Countries Covered: Wales
Date: 
2011

Information gathered from casualties admitted to A&E has been helping police target crime “hotspots” in Cardiff, reducing cases of violence. A four-year study saw 42% fewer woundings in the city compared with 14 similar cities in England and Wales. The World Health Organisation (WHO) is now calling for the project to be rolled out in other countries.

EVALUATION OF THE NEIGHBOURHOOD ROAD SAFETY INITIATIVE

Countries Covered: England
Date:
 2011

The Department for Transport established the Neighbourhood Road Safety Initiative (NRSI) in 2002. Fifteen Local Authorities (LAs) in England were funded to develop schemes to reduce road casualties in their most disadvantaged areas. A team led by the University College London (UCL) evaluated the impacts of the NRSI using a mixed methods approach. The evaluation showed a significant reduction in casualties during the NRSI.

THE IMPACT OF 20 MPH TRAFFIC SPEED ZONES ON INEQUALITIES IN ROAD CASUALTIES IN LONDON

Countries Covered: England
Date:
 2011

Conclusions: The implementation of 20 mph zones targeted at deprived areas has mitigated widening socioeconomic differentials in road injury in London and to some degree narrowed them, but there is limited potential for further gain.

Citation: Rebecca Steinbach, Chris Grundy, Phil Edwards, Paul Wilkinson, Judith Green. J Epidemiol Community Health doi:10.1136/jech.2010.112193.

DELIVERY OF LOCAL ROAD SAFETY: ROAD SAFETY RESEARCH REPORT NO. 124

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2011

The Department for Transport commissioned AECOM, in
association with the Tavistock Institute, to design and deliver a
three-year independent evaluation of the delivery of local road
user safety.  The evaluation was commissioned to consider the following objectives: to evaluate the different strategies and plans for delivering road user safety; to assess what is being delivered, the key processes and how efficient local authority practices are; and to identify lessons and areas of good practice in road user safety investment.

BARRIERS TO, AND FACILITATORS OF, THE PREVENTION OF UNINTENTIONAL INJURY IN CHILDREN IN THE HOME: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW AND SYNTHESIS OF QUALITATIVE RESEARCH

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2011

The review highlights ways in which health inequalities affect the take up and success of home safety interventions, and how health workers can use this knowledge to facilitate future interventions.

Citation: Smithson J, Garside R, Pearson M. IP Online First, published on November 21, 2010 as 10.1136/ip.2010.026989.

THERMOSTATIC MIXING VALVES ARE PROVEN TO REDUCE BATH SCALDS

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2011

A recent study involving the Glasgow Housing Association, the NHS and several universities, led by Professor Denise Kendrick at the University of Nottingham, explored the effectiveness of TMVs in over 100 homes in Glasgow. The study found that TMVs and accompanying educational leaflets are effective at reducing bath hot tap water temperatures in the short and longer term and are acceptable to families. The research team strongly recommends that whenever a bath is being replaced, it should be fitted with a TMV.

EFFECT OF DRUG LAW ENFORCEMENT ON DRUG MARKET VIOLENCE: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2011

Conclusions: The report findings suggest that increasing drug law enforcement is unlikely to reduce drug market violence. Instead, the existing evidence base suggests that gun violence and high homicide rates may be an inevitable consequence of drug prohibition and that disrupting drug markets can paradoxically increase violence. In this context, and since drug prohibition has not meaningfully reduced drug supply, alternative regulatory models will be required if drug supply and drug market violence are to be meaningfully reduced.

Citation: Werb D, Rowell G, Guyatt G, Kerr T, Montaner J, Wood E. Int. J. Drug Policy 2011; ePub.

CHILD HOME INJURY MORTALITY IN EUROPE: A 16-COUNTRY ANALYSIS

Countries Covered: Europe
Date: 
2011

Study Conclusions: Home injuries were the leading cause of injury death in children under 5 years of age in the countries under study and the inequalities found among the countries indicate potential for improvement. Evidence-based interventions exist to prevent these injuries and the barriers to their implementation ought to be determined and addressed.

Citation: Sengoelge M, Hasselberg M, Laflamme L. Eur J Public Health. 2011 Apr;21(2):166-70. Epub 2010 Apr 29.

20MPH SPEED ZONES WORK, SAYS NEW REPORT

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2010

UK cities should have more 20mph speed zones, as they have cut road injuries by over 40% in London, a study claims. In particular the number of children killed or seriously injured has been halved over the past 15 years, the British Medical Journal reported. The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine study estimates 20mph zones have the potential to prevent up to 700 casualties in London alone. At 20mph, it is estimated only one in 40 pedestrians is killed in a crash. This compares w ith a one in five chance for someone hit at 30mph. The researchers compared data on road collisions, injuries and deaths in London betw een 1986 and 2006, w ith speed limits on roads.

CHILDREN IN DEPRIVED AREAS AT MOST RISK OF ROAD INJURIES

Countries Covered: Great Britain
Date:
 2009

Child pedestrians from the most deprived areas in Great Britain are four times more likely to be killed or injured on the roads than those from wealthier districts, a report by a cross party group of MPs said. Death rates among child pedestrians in Great Britain are worse than in France, the Netherlands, Japan, Austria, Australia, and Belgium, in terms of the number killed as a proportion of the population, says the report by the House of Commons Public Accounts Committee.

FOUR IN 10 DEATHS AMONG YOUNG PEOPLE WORLDWIDE FROM INJURIES, STUDY FINDS

Countries Covered: World
Date: 
2009

The first study into global deaths among 10-24 years olds has found that 2.6 million children and young people died in 2004, two in five of them from injuries and violence (Lancet 2009,374:881-92, doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(09)60741-8). The findings call into question the focus of worldwide child health policies, which prioritise HIV/AIDS and maternal mortality, say the authors.

PREVENTION OF INJURIES DUE TO BURNS, FIRE & FLAMES AMONG THE ELDERLY

Countries Covered: Europe
Date: 
2007

Prevention of Injuries due to Burns, Fire & Flames among the Elderly – produced by EUNESE

INJURIES IN CHILDREN AGED 0-14 YEARS AND INEQUALITIES

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2005

Injury mortality and morbidity among children aged 0-14 varies substantially depending on the child’s age, gender, socio-economic group, cultural and/or ethnic group, and where they live. This report describes and seeks to understand these variations and explains why each factor is associated with injury risk. It then highlights how a range of intervention studies have attempted to address these inequalities.

PREVENTION AND REDUCTION OF ACCIDENTAL INJURY TO CHILDREN AND OLDER PEOPLE – EVIDENCE BRIEFING

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2003

This evidence briefing is a review about the prevention and reduction of accidental injury in children and older people. The necessity for reviewing reviews of tertiary level research stems from the proliferation over the last decade or more of systematic and other types of review in medicine and public health.