Category Archives: Data & Statisics

WALES: UNINTENTIONAL INJURIES IN CHILDREN AGED 0-4 IN WALES (2010 – 2013)

The following analyses conducted by CAPIC and AWISS (All Wales Injury Surveillance System) contain Emergency Department attendance figures for unintentional injuries in children aged 0-4 years living in Wales.  Percentage of children admitted to hospital and average length of stay are also presented.

Emergency department figures have also been stratified by year, age, gender, mechanism of injury, Local Authority and area-level deprivation.

Please refer to the ‘Summary’ page for further information about the data sources, data quality issues and guidance on interpreting the results.

Unintentional Injuries in Children aged 0-4 years living in Wales

WALES: HEAD INJURIES IN CHILDREN AGED 0-18 IN WALES (2010 – 2013)

The following analyses conducted by CAPIC and AWISS (All Wales Injury Surveillance System) contain Emergency Department attendance figures for head injuries in children aged 0-18 years living in Wales.  Percentage of children admitted to hospital and average length of stay are also presented.

Emergency department figures for head injuries have also been stratified by year, age, gender, and area-level deprivation.

Please refer to the ‘Summary’ page for further information about the data sources, data quality issues and guidance on interpreting the results.

Head Injuries in Children aged 0-18 in Wales

WALES: BURDEN OF INJURY REPORTS FOCUSING ON ROAD TRAFFIC COLLISIONS, ASSAULTS, POISONINGS AND FALLS.

Following on from the 2012 Wales Burden of Injuries report, PHWs in association with CAPIC, have produced four interim reports focusing on data updates in four key areas; road traffic collisions, assaults, poisonings and falls.  These reports  present additional figures from 2011 and 2012, as well as more detailed socio-economic profiles.

There are still a number of data completeness and coding issues and some of the differences reported here may reflect variations in data quality. Nevertheless, the best way to improve data quality is to use the data and stimulate interest in the results.

To download the reports please click on the links below:

The Burden of Injury in Wales – Road Traffic Collisions

The Burden of Injury in Wales – Poisonings

The Burden of Injury in Wales – Assaults

The Burden of Injury in Wales – Falls

ENGLAND: POTENTIAL YEARS OF LIFE LOST DUE TO INJURY

The Health and Social Care Information Centre has released a set of new ‘Clinical Commissioning Group Indicators’.These include,  in ‘Domain 1 – Preventing People Dying Prematurely’, indicator 1.1 ‘Potential years of life lost (PYLL) from causes considered amenable to healthcare’. This provides the ability to compare PYLL due to injuries compared to other causes, by year(s) and sex, at national and clinical commissioning group level

Further information: http://nww.indicators.ic.nhs.uk/webview/  NHS and restricted public health -only access   https://indicators.ic.nhs.uk/webview/     public access

EUROPE: RAPID ALERT SYSTEM ON DANGEROUS PRODUCTS – RAPEX 2013

For 10 years the EU Rapid Information system (RAPEX) has been guarding European consumers against un-safe non-food products. In 2013 a total of 2,364 measures were taken by EU Member States. This figure indicates a 3.8% rise in alerts compared to 2012 and continues the increasing trend which has been apparent since the establishment of RAPEX in 2003.

UK & IRELAND: NEW IOBI ANALYSES OF INPATIENT DATA FOR SERIOUS INJURIES

IOBI have produced new analyses comparing the incidence of serious injury in the five IOBI countries and nine English regions by comparing emergency hospital admissions for serious injury. By focusing on serious injuries – injuries that are very likely to be admitted to hospital – IOBI have been able to minimise differences in hospital admission thresholds and produce more comparable international data for the incidence of serious injury. Furthermore, serious injuries are associated with greater risk of mortality, disability and increased costs.

WORLD: WHO: NEW TOOL FOR CAUSE-OF-DEATH DATA ANALYSIS

The WHO Department of Health Statistics and Information Systems recently launched a new tool for analysing mortality level and cause-of-death
data version 2 (ANACoD V.2). One of the unique features of ANACoD V.2 is that it contains a module for detailed analyses of external causes of injury deaths. The release of this new tool is one of WHO’s efforts to maximize the use of mortality and cause-of-death data by all Member States for health policy planning, practice, monitoring and evaluation.

ENGLAND: NEW INFANT INJURY ADMISSIONS LOCAL AUTHORITY INDICATOR

The Public Health Outcomes Framework now includes an indicator of admissions due to injury in age group 0-4 years by local authority.This is presented in the ‘Health Improvement’ domain alongside the existing ‘2.07’ indicators for age groups 0-14 years and 15-24 years.The indicator is available for comparisons at both upper and lower tier local authority level and trend data can be viewed for the years 2010/11, 2011/12 and 2012/13.Local Authorities can also be grouped by deprivation level or type of area for comparison.

WALES: UNINTENTIONAL INJURY LOCATIONS IN 0-24 YEAR OLD’S (2009 – 2013)

The following analyses conducted by CAPIC and AWISS (All Wales Injury Surveillance System) contain Emergency Department attendance figures for unintentional injuries in children and young adults aged 0-24 years living in Wales.  Unintentional injuries are presented by year, age and location type (e.g. home, school, public highway etc.)

Please refer to the ‘Summary’ page for further information about the data sources, data quality issues and guidance on interpreting the results.

Unintentional Injury Location in 0-24 year olds (2009 – 2013)

WORLD: WHO REPORT ON SPINAL INJURIES

Countries Covered: World
Date: 2013

A new World Health Organisation (WHO) report, “International perspectives on spinal cord injury” was published on 2 December 2013. This notes that as many as 500 000 people suffer a spinal cord injury each year.

GREATER EXPECTATIONS – NEW REPORT ON INEQUALITIES BY NATIONAL CHILDREN BUREAU

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 2013

The National Children’s Bureau has produced a report – Greater Expectations – which examines 12 key indicators to determine whether children in this country are still experiencing inequality and disadvantage. This new report shows that far from improving over time, the situation today appears to be no better than it was nearly five decades ago.  Accident prevention is mentioned quite a lot and you can access a copy of the report using the following link: http://www.ncb.org.uk/12976.

INFOGRAPHIC- WASTED LIVES: CHILD ACCIDENTS AND DEATHS

Countries Covered: England and Wales
Date: 2013

The Safegaurding Children e-Academy has created an infographic giving information about child accidents and deaths. The resource is downloadable as a poster and gives statistics on the number of deaths, hospital admissions, and road accidents that occur in England and Wales. You can access this resource online at http://www.safeguardingchildrenea.co.uk/wasted_lives_child_accidents_and_deaths

EXTERNAL CAUSES ARE 2ND LARGEST CONTRIBUTOR TO INEQUALITIES IN LIFE EXPECTANCY IN WALES

Countries Covered: Wales
Date: 2013

The CMO for Wales new Annual Report 2012-2013 shows that external causes are the 2nd largest contributor to inequalities in the life expectancy gap. A graph on page 14 of the CMO’s report shows that when comparing most and least deprived quintiles in Wales between 2008-2010, external causes contribute to 14.7 months of the life expectancy gap, with circulatory disease being the main contributor at 19.9 months.

EUROSAFE CALLS ON EC: LEGAL REQUIREMENT ON INJURY DATA NEEDED

In a joint statement, EuroSafe and  seven related EU-level organisations  representing a broad social and economic spectrum in Europe, urge the  Commission to revise its proposal for a  Regulation on the Market Surveillance  of Products (COM(2013)75) and to  include a clear and binding provision  that requires Member States (MSs) to  collect data on product related injuries
and to enable the Commission to create an EU-funded accident and injury  data system that embraces all MSs.

ENGLAND – CHILD HOSPITAL ADMISSIONS DUE TO INJURY

The Public Health Outcomes Framework (PHOF) now contains an injury indicator for children and young people – ‘Hospital admissions caused by unintentional and deliberate injuries in children and young people aged 0-14 and 15-24 years’.

Further information

CHILD DEATHS DUE TO INJURY IN THE FOUR UK COUNTRIES FROM 1980 TO 2010

Country: UK
Date: 2013
Determining patterns and trends in child injury mortality can identify groups at particularly high risk. This study compares trends in child deaths due to injury in the four home countries between 1980 and 2010.

TRENDS IN AVOIDABLE MORTALITY 2001 TO 2011

Countries Covered: England and Wales
Date: 2013

The Office for National Statistics have produced a report on trends in avoidable deaths. An underlying data table   includes a breakdown of trends for England, Wales and England and Wales combined by cause of death, sex and 5 year age groups. Injury-specific cause categories include: transport accidents; accidental injury (excluding transport); suicide and self-inflicted injuries; homicide/assault; misadventures to patients during surgical and medical care.

 

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES AND MOTIVATIONS TO HEALTH 2008-11

Countries Covered: Scotland
Date: 2013

The report shows (amongst other things) that 84% of adults have the knowledge that heart disease is less likely among regularly active people.  It also highlights that 88% have knowledge that overweight and obesity is also less likely among active people.  However, only 21% were aware of the connection with regular activity and a reduction in injuries and accidents.

2008 – 2010 ‘INJURIES IN THE EUROPEAN UNION’ REPORT NOW AVAILABLE

Countries Covered: Europe
Date: 2013
EuroSafe’s the fourth edition of Injuries in the European Union is being released. The report reveals that an annual average of 40 million people within the EU need hospital treatment and 233.000 people die as a result of an injury event.

JOINT CALL BY 28 EU-LEVEL ORGANISATIONS: PAN-EUROPEAN ACCIDENT AND INJURY DATA SYSTEM NEEDED

Countries Covered: Europe
Date: 2013

On the occasion of the European Consumer Day organised by the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) on March in Brussels, a coalition of 28 European umbrella organisations issued a Joint Call urging European Institutions and the Member States to create an EU-funded accident and injury data system under the coordination of the European Commission.

 

WALES: UNINTENTIONAL FALL INJURIES RESULTING IN A HOSPITAL ADMISSION IN WELSH RESIDENTS AGED 60 AND OVER (2000 – 2012)

The following analyses conducted by CAPIC and AWISS (All Wales Injury Surveillance System) contain unintentional fall related hospital admissions in Welsh residents aged 60 and over.

Number of falls admissions are presented by year from 2000 – 2012

In addition, for the year 2012, the number of fall injuries are broken down by age, gender, Local Authority and area-level deprivation.

Please refer to the ‘Summary’ page for further information about the data sources, data quality issues and guidance on interpreting the results.

Hospital admissions for unintentional falls in Welsh residents aged 60 and over

WHERE TO FIND INJURY DATA AND STATISTICS IN THE UK AND IRELAND?

Countries Covered: UK and Ireland
Date: 
2013

To help injury practitioners find relevant and up to date injury related statistics; IOBI have produced guides on where to find injury data in the constituent countries of the UK and Ireland. As well providing guidance on where to find general statistics, links to themed statistics (e.g. road accidents, self-harm, falls) are also provided. England and Wales guides also include: injury related strategies, policies and reviews, and further information on selected injury databases.

Please also refer to Data and Statistics in the Cross-Cutting Themes section

WALES BURDEN OF INJURY REPORT

Countries Covered: Wales
Date: 
2013

The Collaboration for Accident Prevention and Injury Control (CAPIC), an IOBI collaborator, have produced a report titled ‘ The Burden of Injury in Wales’ in collaboration with Public Health Wales. It is the first report in 10 years to focus on the burden that injuries place on the Welsh population. A key finding is that injuries result in three deaths, 115 hospital admissions and 1,200 A&E attendances every day in Wales

ROSPA’S BIG BOOK ON ACCIDENT PREVENTION

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2013

The Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents have produced a booklet aimed at ‘decision makers in public health’ to highlight the impact that effective accidental injury prevention can have on the health of their populations.

PUBLIC HEALTH OUTCOMES FRAMEWORK (PHOF) DATA TOOL

Countries Covered: England
Date:
 2013

The Public Health Outcomes Framework ‘Healthy lives, healthy people: Improving outcomes and supporting trans-parency’ sets out a vision for public health, desired outcomes and the indicators that will help us understand how well public health is being improved and protected.

STATSWALES

Countries Covered: Wales

StatsWales is a free-to-use service that allows visitors to view, manipulate, create and download tables from the most detailed official data on Wales.  Both deaths by cause and year of registration (year age-group, gender) and age standardised death rates by Local Authority (gender, year, L.A.) are available for Wales in Stats Wales.

WHO MORTALITY DATABASE

Countries Covered: England and Wales

Provides annual reported data on mortality statistics by age, sex, and cause of death as obtained from civil registration systems in countries. Mortality data indicate numbers of deaths by place, time and cause. WHO’s mortality data reflect the underlying cause of death coded by the national authority.

Underlying cause of death is defined as “the disease or injury which initiated the train of morbid events leading directly to death, or the circumstances of the accident or violence which produced the fatal injury”, in accordance with the rules of the International Classification of Diseases.

Wale’s and England’s figures are combined in this database.

ALCOHOL IN THE EUROPEAN UNION: CONSUMPTION, HARM AND POLICY APPROACHES

Countries Covered: Europe
Date: 
2012

The report Alcohol in the European Union: consumption, harm and policy approaches has been recently released by the WHO Regional Office for Europe. This new report uses information gathered in 2011 to update key indicators on alcohol consumption, health outcomes and action to reduce harm across the European Union (EU).

PROJECT TO INFORM INJURY DATA COLLECTION IN A&E DEPARTMENTS IN ENGLAND

Countries Covered: England
Date:
 2012

The South West Public Health Observatory has been working on a project to define a standard dataset for enhanced injury-related collection in emergency medicine in England, and is currently evaluating the viability of this through a pilot collection. The dataset was defined and refined drawing on: an earlier report commissioned by the Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents which outlined the requirements of enhanced data collection; a collection already underway in Wales; EU requirements; a steering group comprising experts in the field of injury prevention and members of the College of Emergency Medicine.

THE UK BURDEN OF INJURY STUDY: BURDEN OF INJURY 2.6 TIMES HIGHER THAN PREVIOUSLY THOUGHT

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2012

Researchers have found the burden of injury to be 2.6 times higher in the UK than previously thought. The burden of injury – quantifying the impact injury has on an individual who is injured and on society – has been calculated as part of new research led by Professor Ronan Lyons, Swansea University. The research entitled ‘Measuring the Population Burden of Injuries – Implications for Global and National Estimates: A Multicentre Prospective UK Longitudinal Study’ analyses a variety of types of accident data.

‘INJURY PROFILES’ WEBSITE SHOW BURDEN OF INJURIES BY LOCAL AUTHORITY

Countries Covered: England
Date:
 2012

The Injury Profiles provide a snapshot of injuries occurring in each local authority in England. Interactive maps and charts enable comparisons to be made regionally and nationally for over 40 injury related indicators.

GUIDES ON WHERE TO FIND INJURY DATA AND STATISTICS IN THE UK AND IRELAND

Countries Covered: UK and Ireland
Date: 
2012

To help injury practitioners find relevant and up to date injury related statistics; IOBI have produced guides on where to find injury data in the constituent countries of the UK and Ireland. As well providing guidance on where to find general statistics, links to themed statistics (e.g. road accidents, self-harm, falls) are also provided. England and Wales guides also include: injury related strategies, policies and reviews, and further information on selected injury databases.

ACCIDENT AND EMERGENCY (A&E) ATTENDANCES IN ENGLAND 2009-10

Countries Covered: England
Date:
 2011

The report ‘Accident and Emergency Attendances in England (Experimental Statistics) 2009-10’ and accompanying summary data tables were published in January 2011. This is the third annual publication on A&E attendance data within Hospital Episode Statistics (HES). It covers the period 1 April 2009 to 31 March 2010 and draws on just over 15 million detailed records of attendance at major A&E departments, single specialty A&E departments, minor injury units and walk-in centres in England.

UPDATED LOCAL ALCOHOL PROFILES FOR ENGLAND

Countries Covered: England
Date:
 2011

The Local Alcohol Profiles for England (LAPE 2010) contain 23 alcohol-related indicators for every local authority and 24 for every primary care trust in England. This year, key Indicators in healthcare, criminal justice, benefits claimants, drinking patterns and life lost due to alcohol have been used in combination to identify and map those areas experiencing different overall levels of alcohol-related harms.

EXTERNAL CAUSES AND PLACE OF DEATH

Countries Covered: England
Date:
 2011

recent report examines variation in deaths by external cause in England in the years 2007-2009, with a particular focus on information relevant to end of life care. Variation is shown by age group, sex, external cause and place of death. The report ‘External Causes of Death’ was produced by the South West Public Health Observatory for the National End of Life Care Intelligence Network.

SURVEY OF LIFESTYLES, ATTITUDES AND NUTRITION IN IRELAND

Countries Covered: Ireland
Date: 
2010

This is the third national Survey of Lifestyle, Attitudes and Nutrition (SLÁN) in Ireland, conducted in 2007 using face-to-face interviews with adults aged 18 years or over, interview ed at home addresses. SLÁN 2007 follow s on from two previous surveys using postal questionnaires. The report includes findings on alcohol and the use of illicit drugs, as well as injuries necessitating medical consultation.

ANALYSIS OF INPATIENT ADMISSIONS DATA FOR INJURIES ACROSS BRITAIN AND IRELAND

Countries Covered: Great Britain and Ireland
Date:
 2010

IOBI have developed a specification which will enable comparative analysis of inpatient data across the 5 countries in Britain and Ireland. Agreeing consistent case definitions and appropriate methodologies for use across all five nations was a major focus of the work. This was important because inpatient data varied from country to country in terms of availability, definitions, inclusion and exclusion criteria, coding systems, coding practices and reporting timeframes.

INJURIES IN THE EUROPEAN UNION – STATISTICS SUMMARY 2005 – 2007

Countries Covered: Europe
Date: 
2009

The 2009-report “Injuries in the EU” was launched by Eurosafe in December. The report presents data collected over the years 2005-2007. It also highlights injury data related to major risk groups and injury causes as identified in the EU-Council recommendation on injury prevention and safety promotion: children, adolescents, senior citizens, pedestrians/ bicyclists, sporting activities, consumer products, interpersonal violence and self-harm.

CAPIC ANALYSIS: HOSPITAL IN-PATIENT DATA – PATIENT EPISODE DATABASE FOR WALES (PEDW)

Countries Covered: Wales
Date: 1993-2003

CAPIC has analyzed data from the Patient Episode Database for Wales (PEDW) held at NHS Wales Informatics Service (NWIS).  Records in PEDW are based on episodes of care under a particular consultant, called Finished Consultant Episodes. These need to be linked together to carry out analyses of the number of people admitted/discharged from hospital, how many had particular treatments, and whether they died in hospital.  These analysis were performed for years ranging from 1993 to 2003.

CAPIC ANALYSIS: ACCIDENT AND EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT DATA – ALL WALES INJURY SURVEILLANCE SYSTEMS (AWISS)

Countries Covered: Europe
Date: 2003-2004

CAPIC has analysed accident and emergency department data in Wales from the All Wales Injury Surveillance System (AWISS).  The All Wales Injury Surveillance System (AWISS) is funded by Welsh Government to collect information on all injured people attending A & E departments across Wales in order to support research into the targeting and evaluation of injury prevention initiatives.  These analysis were performed for years ranging from 2003 to 2004.

INJURY IN IRELAND

Countries Covered: Ireland
Date: 
2001

Cancers, heart disease and injuries are the three major causes of premature mortality in Ireland. Injuries are almost certainly the main cause of severe acquired disability in those under 65 years of age. Just as a co-ordinated strategy of prevention and treatment was needed for cancer and heart disease, so a co-ordinated strategy for injury prevention and treatment is urgently required.