Footage showing how easy it is for a toddler to be killed by household furniture has been released by the US Consumer Product Safety Commission. In it, a dummy is crushed by a falling chest of drawers and television.
The following analyses conducted by CAPIC and AWISS (All Wales Injury Surveillance System) contain Emergency Department figures and hospital admissions for poisoning injuries in children aged 0 – 18 years.
Figures are presented by cause of poisoning, age, gender and year from 2007 – 2012 (ED attendances 2009 – 12, Inpatient Admissions 2007 – 11)
Please refer to the ‘Summary’ page for further information about the data sources, data quality issues and guidance on interpreting the results.
The following analyses conducted by CAPIC and AWISS (All Wales Injury Surveillance System) contain Emergency Department attendance figures for unintentional injuries in children aged 0-4 years living in Wales. Percentage of children admitted to hospital and average length of stay are also presented.
Emergency department figures have also been stratified by year, age, gender, mechanism of injury, Local Authority and area-level deprivation.
Please refer to the ‘Summary’ page for further information about the data sources, data quality issues and guidance on interpreting the results.
The following analyses conducted by CAPIC and AWISS (All Wales Injury Surveillance System) contain Emergency Department attendance figures for head injuries in children aged 0-18 years living in Wales. Percentage of children admitted to hospital and average length of stay are also presented.
Emergency department figures for head injuries have also been stratified by year, age, gender, and area-level deprivation.
Please refer to the ‘Summary’ page for further information about the data sources, data quality issues and guidance on interpreting the results.
Children can mistake liquitabs for sweets, due to their bright colours and jelly-like texture.
NHS GCC launched “Not for play – keep them away” together with the Royal Society for the Protection of Accidents (RoSPA). As part of the campaign, families were given free cupboard catchers and information packs, containing instructions on how to keep all household cleaning products securely stored away from children.
Gas Safety Week, coordinated by Gas Safe Register, took place from 15th– 21st September 2014. The aim was to raise awareness of gas safety in the home.
“New research, carried out among registered engineers, revealed that at least 68,000 homes escaped from deadly gas incidents, such as gas leaks, fires, explosions and deadly carbon monoxide poisoning, in the last year. Around half of these dangerous appliances were attributed to the fact that people had failed to get their gas appliance regularly serviced and it had been left in a poor state” Taken from the Gas Safety Week 2014 Report.
Every year in the UK, over a quarter of a million children under the age or 5 have to go to hospital because of a fall, scald or swallowing something that may be harmful. Most of these accidents happen in the home or garden.
Not much is known about the best ways of stopping accidents at home, which is why University of Nottingham are doing this study. The aim is to develop guidelines (“Injury Prevention Briefings”) for organisations who work with children about important home safety advice for families, and the best way in which to provide this.
In November 2014, Members of the Scottish Parliament (MSPs) acknowledged the importance of home safety equipment fitting schemes in a parliamentary debate. The debate recognised that young children are at risk of serious accidents in the home and can be protected with vital information and the use of some simple equipment. d
The Gas Safety Charity is running a programme which aims to teach school-age children in South Wales the importance of gas safety. The charity are using a theatre roadshow to deliver the important messages of gas safety.
Students from the City of Bath College have launched a campaign aimed at ensuring young people get home safe after a night out. The campaign hopes to encourage students to carry ICE (in case of emergency) cards as well as working with taxi operators, pub and club owners to help young people get home safely.
A new road safety app aimed at 8-11 year olds has been downloaded over 17,000 times since it was launched just over a week ago by Transport Minister Derek Mackay. The app called ‘KLANG: The Road Home’ has been developed by Road Safety Scotland, part of Transport Scotland, and the Scottish Government using gaming technology to get across important road safety messages
Surrey Trading Standards and Which? have issued a warning over illegal car seats that pose a serious threat to child safety. When the seats were tested it was found that the fabric did not meet the British safety standards. CAPT is urging parents to buy car seats made by established companies, and where possible have them fitted by an expert.
The strategy recommends adopting a life course approach that recognizes that adult health and illness are rooted in health and experiences in previous stages of the life course. Targeted effort is needed to break the negative cycles in childhood and adolescence such as poor early childhood development and lack of support in growing through adolescence. This will enable children and young people to develop into healthy, happy and competent individuals who can make a positive contribution to their own health and to society.
From 1st June 2015, manufacturers of detergent capsules will have to adapt how they produce their products and packaging. This new legislation will help protect and deter children from harmful consumption of detergent. The changes to liquitabs and detergent capsules involves adding a bitter tasting agent to deter children from swallowing the contents; to improve the strength of the soluble coating and for the products to contains warnings of the danger of consumption.
The #SaveKidsLives is a Worldwide and official campaign for the Third United Nations Global Road Safety Week (4-10 May 2015). This campaign is calling for action to save children’s lives on the road around the World.
Following on from the 2012 Wales Burden of Injuries report, PHWs in association with CAPIC, have produced four interim reports focusing on data updates in four key areas; road traffic collisions, assaults, poisonings and falls. These reports present additional figures from 2011 and 2012, as well as more detailed socio-economic profiles.
There are still a number of data completeness and coding issues and some of the differences reported here may reflect variations in data quality. Nevertheless, the best way to improve data quality is to use the data and stimulate interest in the results.
To download the reports please click on the links below:
A major resource from the Keeping Children Safe at Home project is now freely available for downloading from http://tiny.cc/kcspage. The resource Injury Prevention Briefing: Preventing unintentional injuries to the under fives: a guide for practitioners offers activities and advice focusing on preventing falls, scalds, fire-related injuries and poisonings.
The Briefing includes sections dealing with general prevention issues such as the link between accidents and deprivation, and evaluation methods; eleven activities to be run with parents; and background information about each of the injury topics.
RoSPA have produced a spreadsheet providing information on the numbers and rates of hospital admissions due to unintentional injuries, for children under the age of five and also for adults aged 65 years and over,for each of Scotland’s local authority areas as well as Scotland as a whole.
These figures are available for the ten years from 2003/04 to 2012/13 and highlight those injuries that have happened in the home as well as on the road (along with those that are recorded as ‘other’ and ‘unknown’).
For 10 years the EU Rapid Information system (RAPEX) has been guarding European consumers against un-safe non-food products. In 2013 a total of 2,364 measures were taken by EU Member States. This figure indicates a 3.8% rise in alerts compared to 2012 and continues the increasing trend which has been apparent since the establishment of RAPEX in 2003.
The UK charity RoSPA is launching its Child Car Seat website, offering advice on which seat to choose for your child and car and how to use them, the law and things drivers ought to know if they carry other people’s children in the car. This new website helps parents make the right choices.
Public Health England (PHE) has launched two new reports on preventing accidents to children and young people in the home and on the road. RoSPA and CAPT were commissioned by PHE to undertake this work and these were launched to coincide with Child Safety Week, which as you know is taking place this week.
The Public Health Outcomes Framework now includes an indicator of admissions due to injury in age group 0-4 years by local authority.This is presented in the ‘Health Improvement’ domain alongside the existing ‘2.07’ indicators for age groups 0-14 years and 15-24 years.The indicator is available for comparisons at both upper and lower tier local authority level and trend data can be viewed for the years 2010/11, 2011/12 and 2012/13.Local Authorities can also be grouped by deprivation level or type of area for comparison.
UK children are at a higher risk of premature death than their Western European counterparts due to the growing gap between rich and poor and a lack of targeted public health policies to reduce child deaths, finds a new report from the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (RCPCH) and the National Children’s Bureau (NCB).
Why Children Die reviewed existing UK evidence on child deaths and their causes, and one of the recommendations states “local authorities should make maximum use of children’s centres, health visiting services and safety equipment schemes to educate and equip parents to keep their children safe; with a focus on water safety, safe sleeping and blind cord injury prevention”.
Please join the international drowning prevention campaign by helping to spread the word about the World’s Largest Swimming Lesson (WLSL) taking place on Friday, June 20th, 2014. The WLSL event is a wonderful tool to help generate awareness about the vital importance of teaching children to swim.
To compliment the Go Safe Scotland resource, IOBI would like to bring your attention to the website that has been developed for parents’ and carers’ – www.childsafetyscotland.org.uk. This site covers safety in the home, on the road and around water. The site has information for parents that supports what children will be learning at primary school when using the Go Safe Scotland resource. Within the site there is a Parents’ Safety Check that helps parents to identify a safe environment for their children and first aid information is also available.
We are pleased to announce the launch of the report on National Action to Address Child Intentional Injury, by the European Child Safety Alliance with the support of Vice President of the European Parliament Isabelle Durant and Chair of the European Network of Ombudspersons for Children Bernard de Vos,
The report describes the prevalence of intentional injuries to children in the European Union, including maltreatment, peer to peer violence and self-directed violence, and examines the level of uptake of national level policies to address intentional child injuries in over 25 Member States. This is the first time that national actions to address child intentional injury are being comprehensively assessed and reported on in the EU.
Children and adults who suffer a head injury should be taken straight to a hospital with resuscitation facilities to avoid potentially serious complications, including disability or death, says NICE.
In an update to existing guidelines, NICE stresses the importance of early detection and prompt treatment for head injuries. Patients who have suffered a head injury but also begin to show particular signs that the injury may be serious or potentially life-threatening, such as seizures, fracture skull or loss of consciousness, should be given a CT brain scan within one hour.
Children’s Minister Aileen Campbell has welcomed Parliament’s backing for new laws to provide greater support for children and families. For the full story on the Children and Young People (Scotland) Bill please click here.
Children in Wales, Public Health Wales and the British Medical Association Cymru Wales have produced a poster highlighting the dangers of nappy sacks and how to reduce the risk of injury. To inform parents and carers of young children, they are asking the children’s workforce in Wales to display the enclosed posters in their reception and waiting room areas.
The following analyses conducted by CAPIC and AWISS (All Wales Injury Surveillance System) contain Emergency Department attendance figures for unintentional injuries in children and young adults aged 0-24 years living in Wales. Unintentional injuries are presented by year, age and location type (e.g. home, school, public highway etc.)
Please refer to the ‘Summary’ page for further information about the data sources, data quality issues and guidance on interpreting the results.
The Children’s Burns Research Network will be holding our first showcase event next year with a one day meeting on ‘Building a Children’s Burns Research Network’ on 6th June 2014 at the Mshed, Bristol.
This event will be of interest to all disciplines working with children’s burns. The day will include international keynote speakers, presentations of current research, workshops to develop collaborative research ideas and evidence into practice sessions.
On Thursday 5th December, the European Child Safety Alliance along with its country partners and 3 key sponsors, Underwriters Laboratories (UL), Kid Rapt Ltd. in the United Kingdom and the Consumer Safety Commission (CSC) in France (3), released the Child Product Safety Guide: Potentially dangerous products. This Guide has been written to increase knowledge as a step toward reducing child injuries related to products that are in regular use by children and their caregivers. It provides comprehensive information on 26 products that child safety experts in Europe and evidence-based research have identified as posing injury risks to children.
Every year thousands of infants need medical care for poisoning from products commonly found in and around the home, with on average 15 under-5s admitted to hospital each day due to suspected poisoning. With this in mind, RoSPA and the UK Cleaning Products Industry Association have launched a new campaign to raise awareness of the dangers of household cleaning products.
The National Children’s Bureau has produced a report – Greater Expectations – which examines 12 key indicators to determine whether children in this country are still experiencing inequality and disadvantage. This new report shows that far from improving over time, the situation today appears to be no better than it was nearly five decades ago. Accident prevention is mentioned quite a lot and you can access a copy of the report using the following link: http://www.ncb.org.uk/12976.
In early 2014 new regulations will come into force regarding window blind safety. The revised standard will ensure that new blinds must be safe by design or be supplied with the appropriate child safety device installed.
On 11th September a Parliamentary question was lodged asking the Scottish Government what steps it is taking to warn parents and carers of the danger from children swallowing laundry or dishwasher tablets. To see the response please click here.
Children in Wales and Public Health Wales have produced an information sheet on the dangers of nicotine poisoning. All products containing nicotine, such as cigarettes, ashtrays, gum, patches, sprays, lozenges and e-cigarettes, should be kept away from children as these products can be attractive to curious children.
This research, commissioned by Children in Wales and published in BMC Public Health journal, explored mothers’ knowledge and awareness of child injury prevention and sought to discover mothers’ views about the best method of designing interventions to deliver appropriate child safety messages to prevent injury in the home. The findings suggested that timely childhood injury-related risk messages should be delivered during pregnancy and in line with developmental milestones of the child, through a range of sources including social networks, mass media, face-to-face advice from health professionals and other suitably trained mothers. In addition information on the safe use of home appliances around children and use of child safety equipment should be targeted specifically at those who have recently migrated to the United Kingdom.
As part of the Now I Know programme run by the NSPCC, more than 4,500 “ChildLine Champions” will teach children between the ages of 9 and 11 about abuse, neglect and what to do if it’s happening to them.
An interactive safety resource for primary school children in Scotland, called Go Safe Scotland, has been launched in Glasgow. This resource will help to deliver key safety messages and support the aims of the Curriculum for Excellence. Many partners have been involved throughout the creation of the resource and RoSPA in Scotland is pleased to be involved with this great initiative.
Standard domestic smoke detectors may not always wake children in the event of a fire, according to research by the University of Strathclyde’s Centre for Forensic Science and Derbyshire Fire & Rescue Service.
Keith Brown MSP, Minister for Transport and Veterans, has launched Road Safety Scotland’s new and ground-breaking Parental Influence campaign. The aim of this campaign is to reduce casualty rates, now and in the future, through encouraging parents to think about how important they are as role models to their children in the car.
Children’s centres were established across England to provide a range of services including early education, social care and health to pre-school children and their families. The authors surveyed children’s centres to ascertain the activities they were undertaking to prevent unintentional injuries in the under fives. The authors concluded children’s centres need further support if they are to effectively tackle this important public health area.
The Public Health Outcomes Framework (PHOF) now contains an injury indicator for children and young people – ‘Hospital admissions caused by unintentional and deliberate injuries in children and young people aged 0-14 and 15-24 years’.
Country: UK Date: 2013 Determining patterns and trends in child injury mortality can identify groups at particularly high risk. This study compares trends in child deaths due to injury in the four home countries between 1980 and 2010.
Country: UK Date: 2013 Mental health lessons should be on the timetable in every secondary school in the UK a new charity has urged. MindFull has launched an online counselling service to support and advise 11- to 17-year-olds.
Country: Wales Date: 2013
A programme set up to look at trends in child deaths in Wales has published the findings of a review into deaths of teenagers in motor vehicles. Public Health Wales, which hosts the Child Death Review Programme, recommends in its report that the Welsh Government looks at different ways of licensing teenage drivers to prevent fatal road crashes.
This new tool presents data specifically relating to roads that are within the 500 metre radius around British schools. The tool has been developed to help local authorities, parents, teachers and drivers have a better understanding of the road risks in specific local areas. The data looks at all road related incidents that are reported to the police.
RoSPA have secured funding from the Scottish Government to roll out Scotland’s Home Safety Equipment Scheme (SHSES). This pilot project will involve working with eight local areas to ensure that 800 families benefit from a comprehensive package of safety equipment.
For further details on the project please contact Carlene McAvoy on firstname.lastname@example.org
A new child safety website has been developed by the Department of Public Health Midlands to support its Child Safety Awareness Programme (CSAP). The aim of the programme is to reduce and prevent unintentional injury to children within the home by supporting parents and carers to make the necessary changes to promote child safety.
To highlight just some of the local accident prevention work taking place across Wales, Children in Wales have produced a document “Child Safety in Wales; Examples of Interventions in Practice”. This bilingual publication shares experiences of 14 child safety projects and includes useful information on: partnerships; how each project started; how it is implemented; project costs; sustainability; challenges and lessons learned. The aim of this document is to share practice and experiences across Wales in order to support, encourage and enable practitioners and local policy makers to increase child safety activity in their areas.
A child poverty map of the UK is now available on the End Child Poverty website. It provides a localised map of child poverty showing the level in each constituency, local authority and ward in the UK. The figures reveal the wide disparity in poverty rates across the UK and within regions.
A new accident handbook titled ‘Delivering Accident Prevention at local level in the new public health system’ has just been launched by the Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents (RoSPA), supported by Public Health England (PHE) and funded by the Department of Health.
Child Safety Week is the Child Accident Prevention Trust’s flagship annual community education campaign, raising awareness of serious childhood accidents and how to prevent them, without wrapping children in cotton wool.
This years Child Safety Week runs from Monday 24 to Sunday 30 June, with the theme ‘Be a Safety Hero’.
CAPT (Child Accident Prevention Trust) want to celebrate and thank the thousands of Safety Heroes out there who do so much for children and young people. This Child Safety Week, you can nominate your Safety Hero – whoever they are, whatever they’ve done, CAPT want to know so that they can personally acknowledge their invaluable contribution. Find out more on the CAPT website
The United Nations General Assembly Human Rights Council (of which the UK is a member) has recently adopted a Resolution on Children’s Right to Health and highlights that families’ and caregiver’ capacities to provide the child with care and a safe environment should be promoted.
Specifically, in Section 24, the Resolution calls on member states to reduce the burden of child injuries, and to adopt measures to reduce road traffic accidents, drowning, burns and other accidents in the home.
An award winning initiative to prevent young people being killed or seriously injured on our roads. A live stage show based around a filmed reconstruction of a road traffic collision delivering hard-hitting messages about the dangers associated with driving.
After her own accident left her unable to walk, Sophie Morgan wants to know why traffic collisions are the single biggest killer of young people – and how that can be stopped. With exclusive access and insight into a number of high profile cases from the moment of the crash through to resolution in the courts, she meets people who, like her, have seen their lives changed forever in a single instant – whether they were injured or they were driving the car.
Country Covered: Wales Date: 2013
The Welsh Government has published new guidance for bus companies, governing bodies and local authorities about the use of seat belts on school transport which will be compulsory on school transport from October 2014.
The Child Accident Prevention Trust (CAPT) has produced a number of topic briefings of relevance for those who commission services for children and families. These briefings will help commissioners understand what an effective accident prevention programme looks like in terms of parental engagement, working with the voluntary section, and injury prevention co-ordination. Links to briefings are available on the Making the Link website: www.makingthelink.net/topic-briefings
CAPT has produced a free, downloadable guide to commissioning effective child accident prevention services, both as a standalone programme and as an integral part of wider services for children and families.
Fire Kills – the Government ‘s channel for promoting fire safety – has launched a brand new campaign to urge people to do one extra thing when they put their clocks forward this year: check their smoke alarm.
To help injury practitioners find relevant and up to date injury related statistics; IOBI have produced guides on where to find injury data in the constituent countries of the UK and Ireland. As well providing guidance on where to find general statistics, links to themed statistics (e.g. road accidents, self-harm, falls) are also provided. England and Wales guides also include: injury related strategies, policies and reviews, and further information on selected injury databases.
The free online tool primarily reinforces the use of the “10 principles for effective safety education” and has been de-signed to support the work of LASER Alliance, its members, and those involved in producing resources, to support practical safety and risk education. The Profiler can help identify resources’ strengths; sharing effective practice to promote risk competence.
The Early Years Collaborative was launched on 1 October 2012 at a multi-sector event hosted by Ministers, the Chief Medical Officer and COSLA as chairs of the Early Years Taskforce. The multi-agency Early Years Collaborative works on the basis that there is strong evidence about costs and out-comes of current practice, but much of this is not being used in daily work. The Collaborative will help organisations close that gap by creating a structure in which partners can easily learn from each other and from recognised experts in areas where they want to make improvements.
A huge amount of research on preventing injuries is carried out across the world. It is difficult for injury prevention practitioners to keep up to date with the latest scientific evidence. Increasingly, scientists are pulling together all the high quality studies on particular topics and collating the results in systematic reviews.
The Children’s Traffic Club is a proven and effective child road safety programme, focusing on helping parents/ carers teach their children how to keep safe when out and about – but have fun at the same time!
Helping children and young people develop skills to make responsible decisions about safety and risk is the aim of a new LASER Alliance. The LASER Alliance, which currently has 215 registered members (individuals and organisations), promotes “learning about safety by experiencing risk”. It believes risk taking is an important part of life and that, by learning to manage risks through high quality practical safety.
Accidents are a major health issue for children: injuries in and around the home are the most common cause of death in children over the age of one. Looking at this report will help you gain a better understanding of unintentional injuries for children in your local area. The report includes information about: deprivation; electrical safety; smoke alarms; fire and rescue service activity; domestic and other violence; road injuries; falls; burns and scalds.
Working closely with Karen McFarlane at Children in Wales, CAPT has identified that falls are the leading cause of accidents for children under 5 in Wales. Look who’s falling is a DVD pack focusing on three common falls scenarios for young children: a fall from a window, a fall down stairs and a fall from a high chair. It will enable you to easily run a session on falls prevention.
The Scottish Government has launched a new national website offering help and support to vulnerable children and families on child protection issues. The new site includes clear, accessible information on what the public should do if they are concerned for a child’s welfare. It also features a range of information and links to downloadable materials for children themselves, including cartoons and online games providing child safety tips.
On 12th June 2012, the new Child Safety Report Cards were released for 31 countries, along with European Summary Report Card, that score countries on their level of adoption, implementation and enforcement of over 100 proven strategies and policies to prevent unintentional injury – good practices known to save children’s lives.
Looking at this report will help you gain a better understanding of unintentional injuries for children in your local area. The report includes information about deprivation; electrical safety; smoke alarms; fire and rescue service activity; domestic and other violence; road injuries; falls; and burns and scalds.
RoSPA have announced that five new regions in Scotland will be taking part in the ‘Make it Safe’ campaign. The ‘Make it Safe’ campaign aims to provide information about the dangers of looped blind cords to families, empowering them to make informed decisions about buying blinds with looped cords. It also aims to help families change their current practices with existing blinds with looped cords. 12,000 cleats and Make it Safe leaflets will be handed out across the City of Edinburgh, West Lothian, West Dunbartonshire, East Lothian and the Western Isles.
Making the Link is networking site and knowledge hub for people working to prevent accidental injury to children and young people across England. The site is open to anyone in policy, frontline children’s services, or the voluntary sector working to reduce accidents and injuries to children and young people. The tool is developed by the Child Accident Prevention Trust and supported by the DCSF.
Sustrans have produced a report to demonstrate how important it is to help young people be active through walking and cycling, and the benefits this has for themselves, and their schools, families and communities.
The Child Accident Prevention Trust (CAPT) are campaigning injury prevention practitioners to make parents and carers aware of the dangers of ‘child proof’ caps. They highlight that one in seven pre-school children are able to open ‘child-proof’ caps, which means they are ‘child-resistant’ instead of ‘child-proof’.
The Family Nurse Partnership (FNP) is a preventative programme for first time teenage mothers and their babies. The second interim evaluation report which focuses on the late pregnancy and postpartum phases of the programme’s implementation.
‘You First’ targets vulnerable parents aged 21 and under, with a child under the age of one, who live in the 15% most deprived areas in Scotland. It aims to provide a boost for young, first time parents by increasing the support that they receive from their peers, the community and existing local services. This report presents findings from the evaluation of the ‘You First’ programme.
Study Conclusions: Home injuries were the leading cause of injury death in children under 5 years of age in the countries under study and the inequalities found among the countries indicate potential for improvement. Evidence-based interventions exist to prevent these injuries and the barriers to their implementation ought to be determined and addressed.
Citation: Sengoelge M, Hasselberg M, Laflamme L. Eur J Public Health. 2011 Apr;21(2):166-70. Epub 2010 Apr 29.
The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) has recently published three guidance’s which aim to reduce unintentional injuries among the under 15’s. Please click on the link’s below for further information:
The Healthy Nightlife Toolbox is an international initiative that focuses on the reduction of harm from alcohol and drug use among young people. The core of the online Toolbox is formed by three databases (evaluated interventions, literature, and details of experts within the field) and a Handbook providing guidance on creating a healthy and safe nightlife.
Children in Wales have developed new bilingual home safety guides to help health visitors, practitioners, families and other organisations, prevent home accidents in children under 5 years. The guides have been specifically designed to prevent home accidents that commonly cause serious, fatal and disabling injuries in children under 5 years.
Public Health Wales has published guidance on the roles and responsibilities of the dental team in promoting the safety and well being of children, young people and vulnerable adults they come into contact with during the course of their work. The guidance includes information on local arrangements for support and advice and contains a range of links to access further information.
The Transport Research Laboratory (TRL) is conducting a nationwide analysis of the use of child car seats, or restraints as they are often known to support road safety professionals. In sharing their data with road safety professionals, TRL’s objective is to help them use the data to inform their in-car child safety strategies. Additionally the information will enable TRL to feed into the development of future policies relating to the regulation of child car passenger safety.
‘Injury Prevention in Children’ published by Professor David H. Stone, provides an introduction to the key principles of child injury prevention, and how these may be translated most effectively into practice and policy making. Although the book is designed as an introductory text for graduates and undergraduate students; professionals and policy makers in the field of injury prevention will also find this an invaluable source.
The British Blind and Shutter Association’s (BBSA) film, produced in consultation with Child Accident Prevention Trust (CAPT) and RoSPA, clearly shows how looped cords can be a risk to young children. The film looks at alternative, safer designs and how to ensure that existing looped blind cords can be made safer.
On 2nd December 2010 a joint press release was issued by ANEC (The European consumer voice in standardisation) and the European Child Safety Alliance. Window blind cords: Time for action. After a child died in the UK from strangulation by a window blind cord, the European safety standard, EN 13120 was improved in 2009, however there were still concerns that the safety standard did not cover some types of window blinds such as Roman shades.
Twenty sites have been selected to lead the way in delivering the new health visiting service. The new service, announced in February 2011, will improve the health and well-being of children, families and communities, and health visitors will play a central role in making this happen. An extra 4,200 health visitors are being recruited over the next 4 years and ex-health visitors are being encouraged to return to the profession.
On 24 May 2011, the Sixty-fourth World Health Assembly adopted a resolution on child injury prevention, the first ever on the topic. The resolution, spurred by the WHO/UNICEF World report on child injury prevention, provides a platform to support action on preventing child injuries, which are the leading cause of death for children over the age of 5 years. More than 830,000 children die each year from road traffic crashes, drowning, burns, falls and poisoning.
The new European Toy Safety Directive, published in 2009, came into force on the 20th July 2011. From this date, all Member States have to comply with new rules and safety requirements to protect children and reduce accidents with dangerous toys.
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) shares the concerns of Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on the safety of sleep positioners, and urges parents not to use these products. Sleep positioners are flat mats with side bolsters or inclined (wedge) mats with side bolsters. They can increase the risk of babies suffocating. The AAP also recommends that parents never use pillows, stuffed animals heavy blankets or other soft or puffy items in babies’ cribs. Soft bedding can end up over their face and block their breathing. Babies should have their own crib, with a firm mattress and a fitted sheet.
SUSTRANS defines ‘Free Range Kids’ as children and young people who experience freedom from their front door. They have the confidence to travel independently, play outdoors and explore their local community, and have the skills, opportunities and support to do so safely. SUSTRANS are making sure that politicians know what the issues are through their Early Day Motion.
The Chief Medical Officer’s guidance for parents, children and young people is based on the most comprehensive ever review of the scientific evidence and follow s an extensive public consultation. The final guidance is the first time advice on children and alcohol has been set out for parents and will be the basis of a new national campaign on alcohol and children to be launched by the Department for Children School’s and Families. The campaign will provide support and advice to parents and young people on the effects and harms of alcohol.
This report assesses the local implementation of national policy from 1999 to 2009 on the health of children from birth to five years of age in England It examines local service planning and delivery, including priority setting, and how local bodies can improve service delivery and access for vulnerable groups such as black and minority ethnic (BME) communities, lone and teenage parents.
The Executive Board of the World Health Organization, which is the major steering instrument within the WHO-governance structure counting 34 members elected by the 193 WHO-member states, strongly endorsed the proposal for issuing a WHO-Resolution on Child Injury Prevention. The proposed Resolution, which was initiated by the Dutch government in response to the World Report on Child injury prevention that has been jointly launched by WHO and UNICEF in December 2008.
Child pedestrians from the most deprived areas in Great Britain are four times more likely to be killed or injured on the roads than those from wealthier districts, a report by a cross party group of MPs said. Death rates among child pedestrians in Great Britain are worse than in France, the Netherlands, Japan, Austria, Australia, and Belgium, in terms of the number killed as a proportion of the population, says the report by the House of Commons Public Accounts Committee.
The first study into global deaths among 10-24 years olds has found that 2.6 million children and young people died in 2004, two in five of them from injuries and violence (Lancet 2009,374:881-92, doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(09)60741-8). The findings call into question the focus of worldwide child health policies, which prioritise HIV/AIDS and maternal mortality, say the authors.
This briefing attempts to: identify all relevant systematic reviews, syntheses, meta-analyses and review-level papers on public health interventions to prevent accidental injury to young people aged 15–24; review these papers and highlight effective ways to prevent accidental injury in this population and particularly those in disadvantaged and vulnerable groups;
identify cost-effectiveness data for interventions that aim to prevent accidental injury to young people aged 15–24; and
highlight any gaps in the evidence and make recommendations for future research.
CAPT has launched a new online resource aimed at childminders. Mind the Road! has been produced with the support of the Department for Transport, and brings together a broad range of free downloadable resources to support childminders working with children and families
A new interactive website to help parents and carers keep their babies healthy, happy and safe is being rolled out nationally today by the Department of Health. NHS Baby LifeCheck is designed to provide information and advice to mums, dads and carers of babies aged five to eight months.
A new interactive online Birth to Five tool has been launched on the NHS Choices website and features 150 pages of NHS-accredited information, videos and interactive tools, providing parents with information on becoming a parent, taking care of themselves and their child and how to access practical help and support. This website includes a specific section on ‘Accidents, first aid and safety’.
The Child Accident Prevention Trust have published a leaflet for parents and carers: How safe is your child at home? and a guide for practitioners: Accidents and child development which have been licensed by the Department for Children, Schools and Families for free distribution in England.
NHS Teen LifeCheck uses an engaging and interactive quiz to offer health and lifestyle information to 12-15 year olds. Hosted entirely online, it guides young people through a set of completely confidential, simple multiple choice questions and then gives them tailored advice on how they can set goals to improve their lifestyles.
This guidance represents the views of the Institute and was arrived at after careful consideration of the evidence available. Those working in the NHS, local authorities, the wider public, voluntary and community sectors and the private sector should take it into account when carrying out their professional, managerial or voluntary duties.
This strategy provides an overview of the current impact of the environment on children’s health in the UK and highlights areas where this could be improved. The consultation provides you with an opportunity to give your views on the priority areas identified and invites your suggestions on areas which you consider should be included.
The youth crime action plan is a comprehensive, cross-government analysis of what the government is going to do to tackle youth crime. It sets out a ‘triple track’ approach of enforcement and punishment where behaviour is unacceptable, non-negotiable support and challenge where it is most needed, and better and earlier prevention.
In Scotland, a Child Safety Strategy has been produced in support of the Child Safety Action Plan for Europe. The Child Safety Strategy creates a framework for action with a list of recommendations aimed at developing a strategic approach to preventing unintentional injuries to children and young people in Scotland. Development of the plan was led by RoSPA Scotland and the Child Accident Prevention Trust in consultation with key agencies and departments of the Scottish Government, and also in consultation with children directly.
This briefing, along with the global report Youth and road safety, highlights some of the risk factors that put young people at increased risk. Although also relevant to all ages, factors such as speed, alcohol, not being conspicuous, not using crash helmets, seat-belts and child passenger restraints and road and vehicle designs that do not have inherent safety features built in increase the likelihood of serious road crashes.
This document sets out how organisations and individuals should work together to safeguard and promote the welfare of children. It is addressed to practitioners and front-line managers who have particular responsibilities for safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children, and to senior and operational managers.
This document presents a framework for the World Health Organisation’s approach to child and adolescent injury prevention, to guide its efforts to reduce fatal and non-fatal injuries among children and young people. The plan results from an extensive process of consultation with organisations and individuals concerned with child health, and with child injury prevention in particular. It focuses on the main areas where WHO has added value in relation to injury prevention for children and adolescents, including surveillance, research, prevention, capacity development and advocacy.
Injury mortality and morbidity among children aged 0-14 varies substantially depending on the child’s age, gender, socio-economic group, cultural and/or ethnic group, and where they live. This report describes and seeks to understand these variations and explains why each factor is associated with injury risk. It then highlights how a range of intervention studies have attempted to address these inequalities.
This is a 3 year strategy designed to meet the 2020 target of eradicating child poverty. In addition to income levels, the quality of life of children and young people is influenced by access to education or healthcare, decent housing and concerns about crime and security. The strategy’s strongest focus is upon children’s earliest years. By making £50 million available between 2005 and 2008 for an initiative for disadvantaged children in their early years. The document sets out guiding principles, issues, proposed methods and yardsticks for success.
The National Service Framework sets out the quality of services that children, young people and their families have a right to expect and receive in Wales. The framework has been developed as a partnership between health and social care with links to education, housing, leisure, the voluntary sector and other stakeholders including parents/ carers, children and young people.
The Fire and Rescue Service Strategy for Children and Young People is a five-year high level strategy intended to deliver effective reduction of fire risk and fire crime. It seeks to draw together and build on the strengths of the Service in all these areas. The Strategy aims to ensure excellence in work with children and young people, especially those in deprived communities, supported by effective partnership working and early intervention.
To support delivery of Every Child Matters: Change for Children and the Updated National Drug Strategy, the Department for Education and Skills, the Home Office, and the Department of Health have agreed a joint approach to the development of universal, targeted and specialist services to prevent drug harm and to ensure that all children and young people are able to reach their potential. The document sets out how those responsible for delivering children and young people’s services and the drug strategy should work together to improve the futures of young people, their families and community. Strategic Guidance on drugs and young people setting out national expectations for local delivery on young people’s substance misuse is included.
This evidence briefing is a review about the prevention and reduction of accidental injury in children and older people. The necessity for reviewing reviews of tertiary level research stems from the proliferation over the last decade or more of systematic and other types of review in medicine and public health.
When the Government’s Road Safety Strategy, Tomorrow’s Roads – Safer for Everyone, was published in March 2000, it included targets to reduce the number of people killed or seriously injured (KSI) in Great Britain as a result of road traffic accidents by 40%, and a more stringent target for children (under 16 years of age). The child target is a 50% reduction compared with the average for 1994-98. This child safety strategy sets out what will be done to improve road safety for children aged up to 15 to help meet the 2010 casualty reduction target, identifying priority areas and producing plans for further action.