Footage showing how easy it is for a toddler to be killed by household furniture has been released by the US Consumer Product Safety Commission. In it, a dummy is crushed by a falling chest of drawers and television.
The following analyses conducted by CAPIC and AWISS (All Wales Injury Surveillance System) contain Emergency Department attendance figures for unintentional injuries in children aged 0-4 years living in Wales. Percentage of children admitted to hospital and average length of stay are also presented.
Emergency department figures have also been stratified by year, age, gender, mechanism of injury, Local Authority and area-level deprivation.
Please refer to the ‘Summary’ page for further information about the data sources, data quality issues and guidance on interpreting the results.
Children can mistake liquitabs for sweets, due to their bright colours and jelly-like texture.
NHS GCC launched “Not for play – keep them away” together with the Royal Society for the Protection of Accidents (RoSPA). As part of the campaign, families were given free cupboard catchers and information packs, containing instructions on how to keep all household cleaning products securely stored away from children.
Gas Safety Week, coordinated by Gas Safe Register, took place from 15th– 21st September 2014. The aim was to raise awareness of gas safety in the home.
“New research, carried out among registered engineers, revealed that at least 68,000 homes escaped from deadly gas incidents, such as gas leaks, fires, explosions and deadly carbon monoxide poisoning, in the last year. Around half of these dangerous appliances were attributed to the fact that people had failed to get their gas appliance regularly serviced and it had been left in a poor state” Taken from the Gas Safety Week 2014 Report.
Every year in the UK, over a quarter of a million children under the age or 5 have to go to hospital because of a fall, scald or swallowing something that may be harmful. Most of these accidents happen in the home or garden.
Not much is known about the best ways of stopping accidents at home, which is why University of Nottingham are doing this study. The aim is to develop guidelines (“Injury Prevention Briefings”) for organisations who work with children about important home safety advice for families, and the best way in which to provide this.
In November 2014, Members of the Scottish Parliament (MSPs) acknowledged the importance of home safety equipment fitting schemes in a parliamentary debate. The debate recognised that young children are at risk of serious accidents in the home and can be protected with vital information and the use of some simple equipment. d
The Gas Safety Charity is running a programme which aims to teach school-age children in South Wales the importance of gas safety. The charity are using a theatre roadshow to deliver the important messages of gas safety.
From 1st June 2015, manufacturers of detergent capsules will have to adapt how they produce their products and packaging. This new legislation will help protect and deter children from harmful consumption of detergent. The changes to liquitabs and detergent capsules involves adding a bitter tasting agent to deter children from swallowing the contents; to improve the strength of the soluble coating and for the products to contains warnings of the danger of consumption.
Following on from the 2012 Wales Burden of Injuries report, PHWs in association with CAPIC, have produced four interim reports focusing on data updates in four key areas; road traffic collisions, assaults, poisonings and falls. These reports present additional figures from 2011 and 2012, as well as more detailed socio-economic profiles.
There are still a number of data completeness and coding issues and some of the differences reported here may reflect variations in data quality. Nevertheless, the best way to improve data quality is to use the data and stimulate interest in the results.
To download the reports please click on the links below:
A major resource from the Keeping Children Safe at Home project is now freely available for downloading from http://tiny.cc/kcspage. The resource Injury Prevention Briefing: Preventing unintentional injuries to the under fives: a guide for practitioners offers activities and advice focusing on preventing falls, scalds, fire-related injuries and poisonings.
The Briefing includes sections dealing with general prevention issues such as the link between accidents and deprivation, and evaluation methods; eleven activities to be run with parents; and background information about each of the injury topics.
Gas Safe Register is launching its fourth national Gas Safety Week on the 15th– 21st September. Gas Safety Week is a national campaign to raise awareness of gas safety amongst the UK’s 23 million gas consumers. Its aim is to educate people on how to stay safe at home and protect themselves from the risks of unsafe gas appliances, such as carbon monoxide poisoning, gas leaks, fires and explosions. By law, only Gas Safe registered engineers can work on gas. So far over 1,400 organisations have pledged their support for the week to raise awareness of gas safety. They’re helping to remind the public to always check their engineer is registered and qualified for the work they need doing by checking their Gas Safe ID card. Have you pledged your support too? Further information: www.GasSafetyWeek.co.uk
Electrical Safety First are delighted to announce that the Scottish Housing Bill has been passed, including an amendment requiring five yearly checks on electrics in rented homes. In addition to this, a joint report has been published with Shelter on standards in the private rented sector.
For 10 years the EU Rapid Information system (RAPEX) has been guarding European consumers against un-safe non-food products. In 2013 a total of 2,364 measures were taken by EU Member States. This figure indicates a 3.8% rise in alerts compared to 2012 and continues the increasing trend which has been apparent since the establishment of RAPEX in 2003.
In addition to the information from registers in
health services, the European Health Interview
Survey (EHIS) contains questions on self-reported injuries.
The indicator on self-reported ‘Injuries at
home, leisure, school’ gives the proportion of
individuals reporting that they had an accident
at home, during leisure activities, and/or at
school during the past 12 months, which
resulted in injury. It also gives the proportion
of individuals reporting that the injury led them
to seek for a medical treatment.
Public Health England (PHE) has launched two new reports on preventing accidents to children and young people in the home and on the road. RoSPA and CAPT were commissioned by PHE to undertake this work and these were launched to coincide with Child Safety Week, which as you know is taking place this week.
The family of a newlywed, who died of carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning, has set up an e-petition calling on the government for new legislation to ensure CO alarms are fitted with carbon burning appliances. RoSPA supports this suggestion, but warns that while an alarm will alert people to CO in the home, it is no substitute for using a registered engineer to ensure appliances are regularly serviced and maintained.
UK children are at a higher risk of premature death than their Western European counterparts due to the growing gap between rich and poor and a lack of targeted public health policies to reduce child deaths, finds a new report from the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (RCPCH) and the National Children’s Bureau (NCB).
Why Children Die reviewed existing UK evidence on child deaths and their causes, and one of the recommendations states “local authorities should make maximum use of children’s centres, health visiting services and safety equipment schemes to educate and equip parents to keep their children safe; with a focus on water safety, safe sleeping and blind cord injury prevention”.
Home Safety Scotland’s popular home safety checklist has now been updated. The checklist was developed to assist people to identify the changes that will improve their safety and their family’s safety. This resource can be used for all age groups and can be accessed via the HSS website. For a direct link to the checklist please click here.
Children and adults who suffer a head injury should be taken straight to a hospital with resuscitation facilities to avoid potentially serious complications, including disability or death, says NICE.
In an update to existing guidelines, NICE stresses the importance of early detection and prompt treatment for head injuries. Patients who have suffered a head injury but also begin to show particular signs that the injury may be serious or potentially life-threatening, such as seizures, fracture skull or loss of consciousness, should be given a CT brain scan within one hour.
Children’s Minister Aileen Campbell has welcomed Parliament’s backing for new laws to provide greater support for children and families. For the full story on the Children and Young People (Scotland) Bill please click here.
Gas Map is a nationwide interactive map which shows consumers gas dangers and risks in their area simply by entering their postcode. It works in a similar way to the crime maps provided by the police, and is intended to inspire consumer behaviour change around gas safety, encouraging people to get their gas appliances checked or maintained by a Gas Safe registered engineer.
Every year thousands of infants need medical care for poisoning from products commonly found in and around the home, with on average 15 under-5s admitted to hospital each day due to suspected poisoning. With this in mind, RoSPA and the UK Cleaning Products Industry Association have launched a new campaign to raise awareness of the dangers of household cleaning products.
In early 2014 new regulations will come into force regarding window blind safety. The revised standard will ensure that new blinds must be safe by design or be supplied with the appropriate child safety device installed.
On 11th September a Parliamentary question was lodged asking the Scottish Government what steps it is taking to warn parents and carers of the danger from children swallowing laundry or dishwasher tablets. To see the response please click here.
An interactive safety resource for primary school children in Scotland, called Go Safe Scotland, has been launched in Glasgow. This resource will help to deliver key safety messages and support the aims of the Curriculum for Excellence. Many partners have been involved throughout the creation of the resource and RoSPA in Scotland is pleased to be involved with this great initiative.
The Electrical Safety Council (ESC) has welcomed the Communities and Local Government (CLG) Select Committee’s recommendation that private sector landlords be required to undertake a mandatory five-yearly check of electrical installations in their properties.
Children’s centres were established across England to provide a range of services including early education, social care and health to pre-school children and their families. The authors surveyed children’s centres to ascertain the activities they were undertaking to prevent unintentional injuries in the under fives. The authors concluded children’s centres need further support if they are to effectively tackle this important public health area.
A new website has been developed by the group, Home Safety Scotland. This group consists of home safety officers, community safety officers, health promotion officers and others from various local authorities and health boards and representatives from private companies. The group meets every two months to discuss different ways to take home safety forward.
RoSPA have secured funding from the Scottish Government to roll out Scotland’s Home Safety Equipment Scheme (SHSES). This pilot project will involve working with eight local areas to ensure that 800 families benefit from a comprehensive package of safety equipment.
For further details on the project please contact Carlene McAvoy on firstname.lastname@example.org
A new child safety website has been developed by the Department of Public Health Midlands to support its Child Safety Awareness Programme (CSAP). The aim of the programme is to reduce and prevent unintentional injury to children within the home by supporting parents and carers to make the necessary changes to promote child safety.
Hundreds of families are being given the opportunity to secure essential home safety equipment in areas of Scotland as part of a special scheme.
Scotland’s Home Safety Equipment Scheme, which was launched by the Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents (RoSPA) on April 11th 2013, has been made a reality thanks to £265,000 of funding from the Scottish Government. This approach supports the Early Years Collaborative, which aims to make Scotland the best place in the world to grow up by reducing inequalities for all families across the country and ensuring that all children have the best start in life.
RoSPA’s revised home safety position statements are now available. The position statements cover a wide range of home safety issues and concerns. The document can be viewed within the home safety section of the RoSPA website but here is a direct link to it: http://www.rospa.com/HomeSafety/PositionStatements/index.html.
To help injury practitioners find relevant and up to date injury related statistics; IOBI have produced guides on where to find injury data in the constituent countries of the UK and Ireland. As well providing guidance on where to find general statistics, links to themed statistics (e.g. road accidents, self-harm, falls) are also provided. England and Wales guides also include: injury related strategies, policies and reviews, and further information on selected injury databases.
RoSPA in Northern Ireland have launched a hair straightener campaign called Too Hot to Handle to help raise awareness of the dangers of hot hair straighteners. A blog on this campaign can be found on our blog spot Safety Gone Sane. There is also an accompanying campaign video.
A huge amount of research on preventing injuries is carried out across the world. It is difficult for injury prevention practitioners to keep up to date with the latest scientific evidence. Increasingly, scientists are pulling together all the high quality studies on particular topics and collating the results in systematic reviews.
This review evaluates the effectiveness of home safety education, with or without the provision of low cost, discounted or free equipment (hereafter referred to as home safety interventions), in reducing child injury rates or increasing home safety practices and whether the effect varied by social group.
Citation: Kendrick D, Young B, Mason-Jones AJ, Ilyas N, Achana FA, Cooper NJ, Hubbard SJ, Sutton AJ, Smith S, Wynn P, Mulvaney C, Watson MC, Coupland C. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012, Issue 9. Art. No.: CD005014. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005014.pub3
The new ESC app allows anyone – whether they live in the home or are looking to move into it – to do a quick, visual check, to ensure its electrically safe. Designed to be as easy-to-use as possible, the app highlights potential dangers in each room and explains how to resolve simple, non-technical problems.
The Aneurin Bevan Health Board has launched a Home Safety Scheme Strategy setting out the direction of home safety for under-5s in the region.The strategy aims to reduce unintentional injury through the co-ordination and standardisationof current home safety.
The Gas Safe Register is encouraging people, and in particular the elderly, to take advantage of free gas safety checks if they are eligible to help ensure they have well maintained and safe gas appliances. It has been reported that “£134 million worth of potentially life-saving gas safety checks offered free by the energy suppliers go unclaimed every year.
A recent study involving the Glasgow Housing Association, the NHS and several universities, led by Professor Denise Kendrick at the University of Nottingham, explored the effectiveness of TMVs in over 100 homes in Glasgow. The study found that TMVs and accompanying educational leaflets are effective at reducing bath hot tap water temperatures in the short and longer term and are acceptable to families. The research team strongly recommends that whenever a bath is being replaced, it should be fitted with a TMV.
Conclusions: The report findings suggest that increasing drug law enforcement is unlikely to reduce drug market violence. Instead, the existing evidence base suggests that gun violence and high homicide rates may be an inevitable consequence of drug prohibition and that disrupting drug markets can paradoxically increase violence. In this context, and since drug prohibition has not meaningfully reduced drug supply, alternative regulatory models will be required if drug supply and drug market violence are to be meaningfully reduced.
Citation: Werb D, Rowell G, Guyatt G, Kerr T, Montaner J, Wood E. Int. J. Drug Policy 2011; ePub.
In 2004, the Northern Ireland Department for Health, Social Services & Public Safety (DHSS&PS) produced a five year Home Accident Prevention Strategy and Action Plan. The main objectives of the Strategy were to reduce home accidents, particularly in those most at risk (under 5s and over 65s); to raise awareness of the causes and promote effective preventative measures; to promote and facilitate effective training, skills and knowledge across all relevant organisation, groups and individuals.
The overall aim is “To reduce the number of accidental deaths and injuries in the home.” It is recognised that this aim will take time to achieve and therefore this 5 year plan represents only the first phase of a long-term strategy to increase people’s awareness of the dangers and to highlight ways to prevent home accidents. In addition, the aim will only be realised through an integrated partnership approach including statutory, voluntary and community sectors.