Category Archives: Road Safety

UK: SAFETY TIPS FOR CYCLISTS IN LONDON

UK: PUBLICATION OF JOINT INSPECTION OF THE INVESTIGATION AND PROSECUTION OF FATAL ROAD TRAFFIC INCIDENTS

An assessment of how police forces and the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) investigate and prosecute road death cases, was published in February 2015.
The report from Her Majesty’s Crown Prosecution Service Inspectorate (HMCPSI) found that overall the police’s investigation of fatal road traffic incidents (FRTI) was professional and thorough. However the recommendations reflect the conclusion that there is room for improvements in the way police and prosecutors deal with fatal crashes.

 

ENGLAND & WALES: NEW POWERS TO TACKLE DRUG DRIVING

A new law to make it easier for police to catch and convict drug drivers took effect 2nd March 2015 in England and Wales.

ENGLAND: DFT CYCLING DELIVERY PLAN

The Department of Transport has outlined a10 year strategy on plans to increase cycling and walking across England.

The cycling delivery plan includes an ambition to double cycling levels by 2025 and increase the percentage of school children aged 5 to 10 years walking to school to 55% by 2025.

SCOTLAND: NEW ROAD SAFETY APP FOR CHILDREN

A new road safety app aimed at 8-11 year olds has been downloaded over 17,000 times since it was launched just over a week ago by Transport Minister Derek Mackay. The app called ‘KLANG: The Road Home’ has been developed by Road Safety Scotland, part of Transport Scotland, and the Scottish Government using gaming technology to get across important road safety messages

UK: SAFETY SIGNPOST: ILLEGAL CAR SEATS THAT RIP APART ON IMPACT AT 30MPH HAVE BEEN DISCOVERED ON SALE IN THE UK

Surrey Trading Standards and Which? have issued a warning over illegal car seats that pose a serious threat to child safety. When the seats were tested it was found that the fabric did not meet the British safety standards.  CAPT is urging parents to buy car seats made by established companies, and where possible have them fitted by an expert.

 

WORLD: #SAVEKIDSLIVES

The #SaveKidsLives is a  Worldwide and official campaign for the Third United Nations Global Road Safety Week (4-10 May 2015). This campaign is calling for action to save children’s lives on the road around the World.

WORLD: BLOOMBERG INITIATIVE FOR GLOBAL ROAD SAFETY (BIGRS) 2015-2019

10 Cities and 5 countries have been selected to take part in the Bloomberg Initiative for Global Road Safety (BIGRS) 2015-2019. This programme aims to reduce fatalities and injuries from road traffic crashes in low- and middle-income countries.  The chosen cities will receive support in implementing road safety initiatives; technical assistance from the world’s leading road safety organizations and training to police officers and relevant staff.

WALES: BURDEN OF INJURY REPORTS FOCUSING ON ROAD TRAFFIC COLLISIONS, ASSAULTS, POISONINGS AND FALLS.

Following on from the 2012 Wales Burden of Injuries report, PHWs in association with CAPIC, have produced four interim reports focusing on data updates in four key areas; road traffic collisions, assaults, poisonings and falls.  These reports  present additional figures from 2011 and 2012, as well as more detailed socio-economic profiles.

There are still a number of data completeness and coding issues and some of the differences reported here may reflect variations in data quality. Nevertheless, the best way to improve data quality is to use the data and stimulate interest in the results.

To download the reports please click on the links below:

The Burden of Injury in Wales – Road Traffic Collisions

The Burden of Injury in Wales – Poisonings

The Burden of Injury in Wales – Assaults

The Burden of Injury in Wales – Falls

UK: ILLEGAL CAR SEATS THAT RIP APART ON IMPACT AT 30MPH HAVE BEEN DISCOVERED ON SALE IN THE UK

Surrey Trading Standards and Which? have issued a warning over illegal car seats that pose a serious threat to child safety.

SCOTLAND: RoSPA GUIDE TO HELP LOCAL COUNCILLORS IN SCOTLAND PREVENT ROAD CASUALTIES

A step-by-step guide to help local councillors in Scotland prevent road tragedies has been published by the Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents (RoSPA).

PARACHUTE – A CANADIAN CHARITABLE ORGANISATION DEDICATED TO PREVENTING INJURIES AND SAVING LIVES

Parachute is a Canadian charitable organisation dedicated to preventing injuries and saving lives.

http://www.parachutecanada.org/

Information, tools and guides are available for the following injury topic areas:

GREAT BRITAIN: LATEST PROVISIONAL STATISTICS ON ROAD CASULATIES

The Department for Transport published their latest quarterly report 7 August 2014 on ‘Reported road casualties in Great Britain provisional estimates: Jan to Mar 2014’

In reported road traffic accidents for the year ending March 2014:

  • road deaths increased by 4% compared to the year ending March 2013, to 1,750
  • killed or seriously injured (KSI) casualties increased to 24,160, a 2% increase compared with the previous year
  • there were 189,880 reported road casualties of all severities, 1% higher than the 188,884 for the year ending March 2013
  • motor traffic levels rose by 3% compared with the 12 month period ending March 2013. The overall casualty rate per vehicle mile decreased by 2% for the same period

Between January and March 2014:

  • there were 380 road deaths, 13% higher than the same single quarter in 2013
  • KSIs and slightly injured casualties increased by 17% and 15% respectively

THE REPORT: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/reported-road-casualties-in-great-britain-provisional-estimates-jan-to-mar-2014

QUARTERLY STATISTICAL TABLES: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistical-data-sets/ras45-quarterly-statistics

 SOURCE: Department for Transport

GREAT BRITAIN: REPORTED ROAD CASUALTIES INVOLVING ILLEGAL ALCOHOL LEVELS

The Department for Transport published a report 7 August 2014 on ‘Reported road casualties in Great Britain, final estimates involving illegal alcohol levels: 2012’

Key messages include:

  • 230 people were killed in drink drive accidents in 2012, which was not significantly different from 2011
  • 1,200 people were seriously injured in drink drive accidents in 2012, a 6% fall from 2011
  • drink drive accidents accounted for around 13% of road deaths and 6% of killed or seriously injured casualties in 2012
  • drink drive deaths and serious injuries in 2012 were both around 85% down on 1979

Detailed statistics on reported drinking and driving (‘RAS51’) are also available in Excel format and are updated annually.

 THE REPORT: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/reported-road-casualties-in-great-britain-final-estimates-involving-illegal-alcohol-levels-2012

 ANNUAL STATISTICAL TABLES: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistical-data-sets/ras51-reported-drinking-and-driving

 SOURCE: Department for Transport

WORLD: WHO-ONLINE LIBRARY OF ROAD SAFETY CAMPAIGNS

WHO recently launched an online library of road safety video and audio campaigns to inspire governments and other agencies wishing to develop their own mass media campaigns.

UK: RoSPA LAUNCH NEW CHILD SAFETY SEAT WEBSITE

The UK charity RoSPA is launching its Child Car Seat website, offering advice on which seat to choose for your child and car and how to use them, the law and things drivers ought to know if they carry other people’s children in the car. This new website helps parents make the right choices.

ENGLAND: NEW PHE REPORT – REDUCING UNINTENTIONAL INJURIES IN AND AROUND THE HOME AMONG CHILDREN UNDER FIVE YEARS

Public Health England (PHE) has launched two new reports on preventing accidents to children and young people in the home and on the road.  RoSPA and CAPT were commissioned by PHE to undertake this work and these were launched to coincide with Child Safety Week, which as you know is taking place this week.

ENGLAND: CHIEF MEDICAL OFFICER HIGHLIGHTS THE NEED FOR PEDESTRIAN AND CYCLIST SAFETY

The need for improved safety for pedestrians and cyclists has been highlighted in the Chief Medical Officer’s annual report. The publication website notes:

‘Safety for pedestrians and cyclists must be improved if we are to encourage people to walk and cycle more and reap the associated health benefits. The risk of serious injury for each kilometre travelled on a bike is 21 times higher than by car. The CMO says that the relative risks of walking and cycling are unacceptably high and must be reduced and that an integrated approach to improving safety for all road users must be taken.’

 

 

ENGLAND: LONDON TO BAN LORRIES WITH WHICH HAVE NO PROTECTION FOR CYCLISTS AND PEDESTRIANS

Officials to introduce requirement for trucks to fit side guards and better mirrors, with hefty charge for non-compliance.

 

UK: CAN A PAPER HELMET PROTECT CYCLISTS HEADS?

Half a million cycle trips are made each day in London, and a recent spate of deaths has put cycle safety at the top of the agenda.

One thing that can be important for safe cycling is a well-fitted cycle helmet.

Most helmets are made from polystyrene, but Dr Ayan Panja has been finding out how humble sheets of paper – arranged in an ingenious way – can offer even more protection.

 

UK: TAKE HEAD INJURIES SERIOUSLY AND TREAT QUICKLY, SAYS NICE

Children and adults who suffer a head injury should be taken straight to a hospital with resuscitation facilities to avoid potentially serious complications, including disability or death, says NICE.

In an update to existing guidelines, NICE stresses the importance of early detection and prompt treatment for head injuries. Patients who have suffered a head injury but also begin to show particular signs that the injury may be serious or potentially life-threatening, such as seizures, fracture skull or loss of consciousness, should be given a CT brain scan within one hour.

WORLD: WHO LAUNCHES NEW TOOL TO SUPPORT DEVELOPMENT OF STRONG ROAD SAFETY MASS MEDIA CAMPAIGNS

WHO has launched an online library of road safety mass media campaigns, a new resource for governments and civil society organizations. The library, which contains some of the world’s most impactful road safety video and audio campaigns, is intended as inspiration for those planning to produce their own campaigns by offering a range of creative ideas and concepts.

‘DEAR MOTORIST’- NEW INITIATIVE TO REDUCE CYCLING FATALITIES IN THE USA

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 2013

In the last 10 years nearly 7,000 cyclists have been hit and killed in cyclist-motorist accidents. The goal of the ‘Dear Motorist’ initiative is to reduce that number by creating an alliance      between Cyclists and Motorists to be more aware of each other and to share the road. The website is encouraging cyclists and motorists to pledge to be more aware of their surroundings on the road, by committing to drive and cycle as responsibly as they can.

 

INFOGRAPHIC- WASTED LIVES: CHILD ACCIDENTS AND DEATHS

Countries Covered: England and Wales
Date: 2013

The Safegaurding Children e-Academy has created an infographic giving information about child accidents and deaths. The resource is downloadable as a poster and gives statistics on the number of deaths, hospital admissions, and road accidents that occur in England and Wales. You can access this resource online at http://www.safeguardingchildrenea.co.uk/wasted_lives_child_accidents_and_deaths

GO SAFE SCOTLAND – NEW SAFETY TOOL FOR CHILDREN

An interactive safety resource for primary school children in Scotland, called Go Safe Scotland, has been launched in Glasgow.  This resource will help to deliver key safety messages and support the aims of the Curriculum for Excellence.  Many partners have been involved throughout the creation of the resource and RoSPA in Scotland is pleased to be involved with this great initiative.

ROAD DEATHS AND SERIOUS INJURIES REACH RECORD LOW IN WALES

Countries Covered: Wales
Date: 2013

The number of people being killed or seriously injured on Welsh roads has reached a record low, according to new statistics released by the Welsh Government.

NEW WELSH ROAD SAFETY FRAMEWORK

Countries Covered: Wales
Date: 2013

The new Road Safety Framework for Wales published last month (22 July 2013) sets a target for a 40% reduction in the total number of people killed and seriously injured (KSI) on Welsh roads by 2020.

The framework, published by the Welsh Government, also includes targets for a 25% reduction in the number of motorcyclists KSI and a 40% reduction in the number of young people (16-24 yrs) KSI in the same timeframe.

NEW REPORT WARNS OF IMPACT ON ROAD SAFETY OF CUTS TO TRAFFIC POLICING

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 2013

Road safety charity Brake says that a reduction in numbers of traffic police in forces across the UK will leave the public at risk from dangerous, drunk and drugged drivers.

KIDS IN THE CAR CAMPAIGN

Keith Brown MSP, Minister for Transport and Veterans, has launched Road Safety Scotland’s new and ground-breaking Parental Influence campaign.  The aim of this campaign is to reduce casualty rates, now and in the future, through encouraging parents to think about how important they are as role models to their children in the car.

 

CAR SAFETY SEAT TIPS

A new informative website about car safety seats.

NEW PACT WEBSITE GOES LIVE

STRENGTHENING ROAD SAFETY LEGISLATION: A PRACTICE AND RESOURCE MANUAL FOR COUNTRIES

Country: World
Date: 2013
WHO launches manual aimed at strengthening road safety legislation in support of the Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020.

CHILD DEATH REVIEW PROGRAMME FOCUSES ON DEATHS IN MOTOR VEHICLES

Country: Wales
Date: 2013
A programme set up to look at trends in child deaths in Wales has published the findings of a review into deaths of teenagers in motor vehicles. Public Health Wales, which hosts the Child Death Review Programme, recommends in its report that the Welsh Government looks at different ways of licensing teenage drivers to prevent fatal road crashes.

SAFE STREET PLAY

Country: UK
Date: 2013
Playing Out is a not-for-profit information and advice resource for street play, which aims to increase children’s safe access to informal play in residential streets

NEW LOCAL ROAD SAFETY INDEX TOOL

Country: UK
Date: 2013

This new tool presents data specifically relating to roads that are within the 500 metre radius around British schools. The tool has been developed  to help local authorities, parents, teachers and drivers have a better understanding of the road risks in specific local areas. The data looks at all road related incidents that are reported to the police.

UN GLOBAL ROAD SAFETY WEEK

Countries Covered: World
Date: 2013

The Second UN Global Road Safety Week took place on 6-12 May 2013. This week drew attention to the urgent need to better protect pedestrians worldwide.

 

 

WHO AND PARTNERS LAUNCH PEDESTRIAN SAFETY: A ROAD SAFETY MANUAL FOR DECISION-MAKERS AND PRACTITIONERS

Countries Covered: World
Date: 2013

Jointly developed by WHO, the FIA Foundation, the Global Road Safety Partnership and the World Bank, this road safety manual equips the reader with necessary information on: the magnitude of pedestrian death and injury; key risk factors; how to assess the pedestrian safety situation in a country or area and prepare an action plan; and how to select, design, implement and evaluate effective interventions.

NEW ROAD SAFETY OBSERVATORY

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 2013

A Road Safety Observatory has been launched to offer access to independent road safety research and information for anyone working in road safety and for members of the public. It provides summaries and reviews of research on a wide range of road safety issues, along with links to original road safety research reports.

REPUBLIC OF IRELAND’S: ROAD SAFETY STRATEGY 2013-2020

Countries Covered: Ireland
Date: 2013

The Irish government is aiming to reduce the number of road deaths to 124 per year by 2020. Last year, 162 people lost their lives on Irish roads.

The target is contained in the government’s fourth Road Safety Strategy, Closing the Gap, which has just been launched. It is also aiming to reduce the number of serious injuries arising from road accidents to 330 per year by 2020.

WHO’S GLOBAL STATUS REPORT ON ROAD SAFETY 2013 – SUPPORTING A DECADE OF ACTION

Countries Covered: World
Date: 2013

The Global status report on road safety 2013 presents information on road safety from 182 countries, accounting for almost 99% of the world’s population.

WHO AND PARTNERS LAUNCH PEDESTRIAN SAFETY: A ROAD SAFETY MANUAL FOR DECISION-MAKERS AND PRACTITIONERS

Countries Covered: World
Date: 2013
This manual equips the reader with necessary information on: the magnitude of pedestrian death and injury; key risk factors; how to assess the pedestrian safety situation in a country or area and prepare an action plan; and how to select, design, implement and evaluate effective interventions.

BRIGHTON AND HOVE INTRODUCE EXTENSIVE 20MPH SPEED ZONE

Countries Covered: England
Date: 2103

Brighton and Hove Council is one of the latest to adopt a 20mph speed limit in most roads in central Brighton and Hove. Read more about the council’s approach and the benefits of 20mph zones.

‘SAFE DRIVE STAY ALIVE’

An award winning initiative to prevent young people being killed or seriously injured on our roads. A live stage show based around a filmed reconstruction of a road traffic collision delivering hard-hitting messages about the dangers associated with driving.

BBC DOCUMENTARY ‘LICENSE TO KILL’ HIGHLIGHTS THE DANGERS FACED BY YOUNG DRIVERS

After her own accident left her unable to walk, Sophie Morgan wants to know why traffic collisions are the single biggest killer of young people – and how that can be stopped. With exclusive access and insight into a number of high profile cases from the moment of the crash through to resolution in the courts, she meets people who, like her, have seen their lives changed forever in a single instant – whether they were injured or they were driving the car.

 

REPUBLIC OF IRELAND’S: ROAD SAFETY STRATEGY 2013-2020

Countries Covered: Ireland
Date: 2013

The Strategy – ‘Closing the Gap’ – will run until 2020 and aims to make Ireland one of the safest countries in terms of road deaths in the EU. It will also focus on new measures to reduce the number and severity of serious injuries arising from road collisions.

The new Strategy sets a specific target for 2020 to reduce the number of road deaths to 124 a year (from 162 in 2012) and serious injuries to 330 per year (from 485 in 2012). This drop is necessary to close the gap between Ireland and other best performing countries such as the UK, Netherlands, Sweden and Australia.

THE ADVOCACY FOR PEDESTRIAN SAFETY STUDY: CLUSTER RANDOMISED TRIAL EVALUATING A POLITICAL ADVOCACY APPROACH TO REDUCE PEDESTRIAN INJURIES IN DEPRIVED COMMUNITIES

This study demonstrates the feasibility of an innovative approach to translational public health by targeting local politicians in a randomised controlled trial. The intervention package was positively viewed and raised interest but changes in interventions were not statistically significance. Longer term supported advocacy may be needed.

Citation: Lyons, RA et al (2013)  The Advocacy for Pedestrian Safety Study: Cluster Randomised Trial Evaluating a Political Advocacy Approach to Reduce Pedestrian Injuries in Deprived Communities. PloS one.

GUIDANCE ON THE USE OF SEAT BELTS ON SCHOOL BUSES

Country Covered: Wales
Date: 2013
The Welsh Government has published new guidance for bus companies, governing bodies and local authorities about the use of seat belts on school transport which will be compulsory on school transport from October 2014.

ACTIVE TRAVEL BILL

Countries Covered: Wales
Date:  2013

The Active Travel Bill places a legal duty on councils to create a network of routes for walking and cycling, and will require them to continuously improve them.

WHERE TO FIND INJURY DATA AND STATISTICS IN THE UK AND IRELAND?

Countries Covered: UK and Ireland
Date: 
2013

To help injury practitioners find relevant and up to date injury related statistics; IOBI have produced guides on where to find injury data in the constituent countries of the UK and Ireland. As well providing guidance on where to find general statistics, links to themed statistics (e.g. road accidents, self-harm, falls) are also provided. England and Wales guides also include: injury related strategies, policies and reviews, and further information on selected injury databases.

Please also refer to Data and Statistics in the Cross-Cutting Themes section

MAKING OUR ROADS SAFER FOR CYCLISTS

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2013

new government-funded study is to be carried out into how Britain’s roads could be made safer for cyclists to re-duce the risk of cycling injuries, encourage more people to use bikes and improve public health.

CONSULTATION: EXAMINING THE SPEED LIMIT FOR HGVS OVER 7.5T ON SINGLE CARRIAGEWAY

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2013

The consultation ended on 01 February 2013, but the aims was to examine whether the speed limit for Heavy Goods Vehicles (HGVs) over 7.5 tonnes on single carriageways, is set at the right level.
This consultation follows a commitment published in ‘The Logistics Growth Review – Connecting People with Goods’ document in November 2011, and is supported by industry stakeholders who say the 40 mph speed limit causes unnecessary costs to vehicle operators, congestion, avoidable overtaking collisions and creates an uneven playing field for businesses.

IOBI WELCOMES WELSH ASSEMBLY’S MOVE TO ENCOURAGE MORE 20MPH LIMITS

Countries Covered: Wales
Date: 
2013

IOBI has warmly welcomed a move by the Welsh Assembly to encourage local authorities in Wales to implement more 20mph limits, in recognition of the proven road safety benefits. The Assembly voted on and passed the motion during an open debate today. The Assembly’s move comes only two weeks after the UK government produced new guidance for local authorities in England encouraging them to implement 20mph limits in residential areas, in areas where lots of people walk or cycle (or where there’s the potential for such), and where there is local community demand for lower limits.

NEW GO20 CAMPAIGN

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2013

A new national campaign, Go 20, is set to encourage drivers in the UK to slow their speed to 20 mph in their communities and built up areas so that children, families and adults can walk and cycle in safety. Brake charity is heading the campaign to raise awareness amongst drivers. NHF is a supporter of the campaign. Visit the Road Safety Week website to read more about the Go 20 campaign.

RoSPA – ACTION STILL NEEDED TO SAVE LIVES 30 YEARS AFTER SEATBELT LAW

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2013

Greater compliance with seatbelt legislation could help save lives in road crashes says RoSPA, as it marks the 30th anniversary of the law coming into force. There is evidence to show that seatbelt use in Great Britain remains high, with 95 per cent of car drivers and front seat passengers complying with the law. But RoSPA is concerned that seatbelt use is lower in the rear of cars (89 per cent) and in the front seat of other vehicles (69 per cent).

BRIGHT IDEA TO TACKLE CYCLISTS’ DEATHS

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2013

A graduate entrepreneur has invented a handlebar mounted bike lightwhich projects a laser image of a cyclist on to the road ahead, in an attempt to cut cyclist deaths.  Her invention, ‘Blaze’, gives an early warning to drivers and pedestrians of a cyclist’s presence, aiming to combat this type of collision. Ms Brooke is currently attempting to raise £25,000 on ‘crowd-funding’ site Kickstarter to fund manufacturing of the product.

BLINDSPOT SYSTEM SHOULD IMPROVE CYCLISTS’ SAFETY

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2013

In a move to attempt to reduce cyclist casualties in London, Transport for London (TfL) has approved a detection system which warns a HGV driver if there is a cyclist, pedestrian or other vehicle in a blind spot.
Of the 16 cyclist fatalities in London during 2011, nine involved a HGV.
To help combat this, TFL has approved the use of the ‘Blindspot Detection System’, produced by Bridgend-based company Backwatch, for its Fleet Operator Recognition Scheme (FORS).

LONDON ROAD SAFETY COUNCIL CALLS FOR RENEWED GOVERNMENT COMMITMENT

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2013

The London Road Safety Council (LRSC) has criticised the Governmentfor a lack of leadership in tackling road deaths and has called for renewed commitment to road safety.  The LRSC comprises officer and elected member representatives from the 33 London boroughs.

RESEARCH DOCUMENT ON PREVENTING UNINTENTIONAL INJURIES

Countries Covered: Scotland
Date:
 2013

NHS Health Scotland have released the following report ‘Evidence Summary: Public Health Interventions to prevent unintentional injuries among the under 15s”. The research considers injuries that happen in both the home and road environments.

CAPIC SYSTEMATIC REVIEW DATABASE & SAFETYLIT

Countries Covered: Europe
Date: 
2013

CAPIC SYSTEMATIC REVIEW DATABASE & SAFETYLIT

A huge amount of research on preventing injuries is carried out across the world. It is difficult for injury prevention practitioners to keep up to date with the latest scientific evidence. Increasingly, scientists are pulling together all the high quality studies on particular topics and collating the results in systematic reviews.

NHS BRISTOL – NON-COLLISION CYCLING SURVEY

Countries Covered: England
Date:
 2012

NHS Bristol, Cycling City and the West of England Road Safety Partnership have been working together to conduct and publicise the results of a survey investigating the causes and circumstances of non-collision incidents (NCI). The survey found slipping on ice to be the main cause of NCIs, accounting for 1 in 4 NCIs. As a result, NHS Bristol has subsequently employed Lifecycle to work with employers to help them raise awareness of the hazards cyclists face when travelling to work in freezing conditions.

NON-LEGISLATIVE INTERVENTIONS FOR THE PROMOTION OF CYCLE HELMET WEARING BY CHILDREN

Countries Covered: World
Date: 
2012

Study Conclusions: Non-legislative interventions appear to be effective in increasing observed helmet use, particularly community-based interventions and those providing free helmets. Those set in schools appear to be effective but possibly less so than community-based interventions. Interventions providing education only are less effective than those providing free helmets. There is insufficient evidence to recommend providing subsidised helmets at present. Interventions may be more effective if provided to younger rather than older children. There is evidence that interventions offered in healthcare settings can increase self reported helmet wearing. Further high-quality studies are needed to explore whether non-legislative interventions increase helmet wearing, and particularly the effect of providing subsided as opposed to free helmets, and of providing interventions in healthcare settings as opposed to in schools or communities.

Citation: Owen R, Kendrick D, Mulvaney C, Coleman T, Royal S. Cochrane Database Syst. Rev. 2012 11(online): CD003985

Original 2005 study

BOOKLET ON MOTORWAY DRIVING IN THE REPUBLIC OF IRELAND

Countries Covered: Ireland
Date: 
2012

Ireland’s motorway network has expanded in recent years and there has been an increase in motorway traffic incidents. The Road Safety Authority (RSA) has published a new information booklet to help drivers to safely use motorways.

SCORSA DRIVING RISKS @ WORK TOOLKIT

Countries Covered: Scotland
Date:
 2012

The Scottish Occupational Road Safety Alliance (ScORSA) launched its ScORSA Driving Risks @ Work Toolkit on 11th May 2011 to coincide with the United Nations launch of the Decade of Action for Road Safety. The ScORSA DR@W Toolkit is free to Small and Medium sized businesses in Scotland and has been promoted through a series of seminars in Fife, Glasgow, Hamilton and Aberdeen.  Statistics reveal that people who drive in the course of their work are involved in between a quarter to a third of all incidents on Scotland’s
roads.

CHILDREN’S TRAFFIC CLUB

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2012

The Children’s Traffic Club is a proven and effective child road safety programme, focusing on helping parents/ carers teach their children how to keep safe when out and about – but have fun at the same time!

ROAD SAFETY: ACTION KIT FOR YOUNG PEOPLE

Countries Covered: World
Date: 
2012

In April this year, YOURS – Youth for Road Safety, a global youth-led organisation that acts to make the world’s roads safe for young people – officially launched the Youth and Road Safety Action Kit at the United Nations Road Safety Collaboration meeting in Washington DC, USA.

NATIONAL DEBATE ON YOUNG DRIVERS

Countries Covered: Scotland
Date:
 2012

Young Drivers are disproportionately represented in road accidents. In Scotland they are involved in around 25% of incidents. The Scottish Government document Road Safety Framework to 2020 has highlighted young drivers as a priority group. As a commitment to this priority a National Debate on Young Drivers was conducted and the report published in December 2010.

CONSULTATION ON ACTIVE TRAVEL BILL

Countries Covered: Wales
Date: 
2012

The active travel proposals are aimed at enabling more people to walk and cycle and travel by more active methods.

GOVERNMENT GUIDANCE ON SETTING LOCAL SPEED LIMITS

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2012

The government has published for consultation draft guidance to local authorities on setting local speed limits. They propose to make it easier for local authorities to implement lower speed limits on urban and rural roads.

DfT: ROAD ACCIDENT AND SAFETY STATISTICS Countries covered:Great Britain

Countries Covered: Great Britain
Date:
 2012

Road Accident and Safety statistics produced by the Department for Transport. Most statistics are based on accidents reported to the police (STATS19 system). These provide detailed statistics about the circumstances of personal injury road accidents, including the types of vehicles involved and the consequent casualties.

ETSC LAUNCHES SAFER CYCLING INITIATIVE

Countries Covered: Europe
Date: 
2012

The European Transport Safety Council (ETSC) has launched an initiative to improve the safety of cyclists on European roads. ‘BIKE PAL’ will begin with a thorough analysis of cycling safety in EU member states, which will include ranking countries according to their level of safety.

For more information contact Mircea Steriu, ETSC communications officer, on mircea.steriu@etsc.eu

EVALUATION OF THE NEIGHBOURHOOD ROAD SAFETY INITIATIVE

Countries Covered: England
Date:
 2011

The Department for Transport established the Neighbourhood Road Safety Initiative (NRSI) in 2002. Fifteen Local Authorities (LAs) in England were funded to develop schemes to reduce road casualties in their most disadvantaged areas. A team led by the University College London (UCL) evaluated the impacts of the NRSI using a mixed methods approach. The evaluation showed a significant reduction in casualties during the NRSI.

THE IMPACT OF 20 MPH TRAFFIC SPEED ZONES ON INEQUALITIES IN ROAD CASUALTIES IN LONDON

Countries Covered: England
Date:
 2011

Conclusions: The implementation of 20 mph zones targeted at deprived areas has mitigated widening socioeconomic differentials in road injury in London and to some degree narrowed them, but there is limited potential for further gain.

Citation: Rebecca Steinbach, Chris Grundy, Phil Edwards, Paul Wilkinson, Judith Green. J Epidemiol Community Health doi:10.1136/jech.2010.112193.

DELIVERY OF LOCAL ROAD SAFETY: ROAD SAFETY RESEARCH REPORT NO. 124

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2011

The Department for Transport commissioned AECOM, in
association with the Tavistock Institute, to design and deliver a
three-year independent evaluation of the delivery of local road
user safety.  The evaluation was commissioned to consider the following objectives: to evaluate the different strategies and plans for delivering road user safety; to assess what is being delivered, the key processes and how efficient local authority practices are; and to identify lessons and areas of good practice in road user safety investment.

ROAD SAFETY EVALUATION WEBSITE

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2011

free website to help road safety practitioners evaluate their education, training and publicity activities was launched today by the Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents and the Department for Transport. At the heart of the Road Safety Evaluation website is E-valu-it – an interactive toolkit which helps practitioners evaluate their road safety work.

IN-VEHICLE DRIVER DISTRACTION

Countries Covered: Europe
Date: 
2011

The European Transport Safety Council (ETSC) has published a new report on minimising in-vehicle distraction, which is part of ETSC’s PRAOSE project, “Preventing Road Accidents and Injuries for the Safety of Employees”. Vehicles are increasingly becoming “moving offices”, an environment in which employees are likely to receive or make phone calls, check text messages or even check their e-mails, without appreciating the enormous road risk that this type of behaviour poses while driving to work.

CRASHMAP: ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENT WEBSITE

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2011

To coincide with the publication of Road Casualties GB 2010, a new website has just been launched to allow members of the public to search for and look up details of every road traffic crash reported to police since 2005. Using a fully searchable map, users can locate crashes in a particular area, see what date they occurred on and how serious an incident it was; a detailed collision report can then be downloaded.

NEW STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK FOR ROAD SAFETY

Countries Covered: Great Britain
Date:
 2011

The Government’s new Strategic Framework for Road Safety was launched on 11 May 2011 to coincide with the launch of the UN Decade for Action on Road Safety. This sets out the Government’s approach to continuing to reduce killed and seriously injured casualties on Britain’s roads. The focus is on increasing the range of educational options for drivers who make genuine mistakes and can be helped to improve, while improving enforcement against the most dangerous and deliberate offenders. Additionally, at the local level, there will be an increase in the road safety information that is available to local citizens.

NEW DRINK-DRIVING LIMITS COME INTO EFFECT IN THE REPUBLIC OF IRELAND

Countries Covered: Ireland
Date: 
2011

New drink-driving limits came into effect in the Republic of Ireland on 27 October. The blood alcohol concentration limits were decreased from 80 milligrams (mg) to 20 mg for learner, novice and professional drivers,50 mg for all other drivers. The reductions bring Ireland’s drink-driving limits into line with other European countries.

NEW DATA SHOW THAT ROADS DEATHS IN IRELAND HALVED OVER THE PAST DECADE

Countries Covered: Ireland
Date: 
2011

New data published by the Road Safety Authority and An Garda Síochána show that the number of road deaths in Ireland decreased by 48% between 2001 and 2010. The number of people seriously injured decreased by 58% during the same period. The largest decreases in fatalities occurred among pedal cyclists (75%), motor cyclists (66%) and pedestrians (54%).

20MPH SPEED ZONES WORK, SAYS NEW REPORT

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2010

UK cities should have more 20mph speed zones, as they have cut road injuries by over 40% in London, a study claims. In particular the number of children killed or seriously injured has been halved over the past 15 years, the British Medical Journal reported. The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine study estimates 20mph zones have the potential to prevent up to 700 casualties in London alone. At 20mph, it is estimated only one in 40 pedestrians is killed in a crash. This compares w ith a one in five chance for someone hit at 30mph. The researchers compared data on road collisions, injuries and deaths in London betw een 1986 and 2006, w ith speed limits on roads.

THE EFFECTS OF SMARTER CHOICE PROGRAMMES IN THE SUSTAINABLE TRAVEL TOWNS

Countries Covered: England
Date:
 2010

To evaluate the results from ‘Sustainable Travel Towns’ carried out in Darlington, Peterborough and Worcester, a full independent report was  commissioned. The report shows that the ‘Smarter Choice’ packages which were implemented in these towns, resulted in increases in cycling, walking and bus use, and decreases in car use. The evaluation was led by Transport for Quality of life Ltd, with a team involving TRL, University of Aberdeen, AEA and the University of the West of England.

SAFER DRIVING FOR WORK HANDBOOK

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2010

In response to popular demand, RoSPA has produced a completely updated and brand new ‘Driving for Work Handbook’. This compact booklet is ideal as an induction and ongoing driver education tool containing all the information a driver needs to help keep them safe on the road.

ROSPA’S TOP TEN TIPS TO STAY WITHIN THE LIMIT

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2010

RoSPA have produced a new poster to illustrate their Top 10 Tips to help drivers stay within the Speed Limit. The poster highlights some simple and practical things drivers w ho find it difficult to stay w ith speed limits can do to help themselves.

ROAD TO SUCCESS

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2010

The Road to Success is a booklet for parents designed to help them safely guide their sons and daughters through the process of learning to drive. It has been produced in response to the very poor crash and casualty statistics for new ly-qualified drivers – they account for more than two in five road deaths in the UK.

BBC’S INTERACTIVE ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENT TOOL

Countries Covered: Great Britain
Date:
 2010

The BBC have developed a new interactive tool which provides information on road traffic accidents (RTA) in Great Britain between 1999 and 2008. As w ell as an interactive graphical tool which enables the user to display RTA figure’s by sex, age, vehicle, weather, weekday and road type, it also offers an interactive map displaying all fatal RTA’s from 1999-2008.

PEOPLE POWER BACKS ‘EMBRACE LIFE’ SEATBELT CAMPAIGN

Countries Covered: England
Date:
 2010

A Facebook campaign is underway to put Embrace Life, the newest campaign from the Sussex Safer Roads Partnership (SSRP), on TV after it secures the top three search results on Google.com. Released on 20th January 2010, Embrace Life has swept around the internet, pulling hits from across 58 countries around the world. Facebook in particular is driving traffic to the SSRP’s seat belt campaign and a group has been created by one impressed viewer to have it screened on national TV.

SCORSA: SCOTTISH OCCUPATIONAL ROAD SAFETY ALLIANCE

Countries Covered: England
Date:
 2010

The Scottish Occupational Road Safety Alliance (ScORSA) website is a unique initiative to help smaller firms tackle one of the most dangerous activities undertaken by Scottish workers: driving. A third of all road accidents in the UK are estimated to involve someone who is driving for work at the time, which means that in Scotland in 2008, around 18 people were killed or seriously injured in such incidents every week.

GO SAFE ON SCOTLAND’S ROADS IT’S EVERYONE’S RESPONSIBILITY: SCOTLAND’S ROAD SAFETY FRAMEWORK TO 2020

Countries Covered: Scotland
Date:
 2012

The Scottish Government, as part of their continued commitment to road safety, have developed a new framework for improving road safety in Scotland over the next decade. It is the first time that Scotland has set their own road safety targets, with new targets to reduce the number of serious injuries on Scotland’s roads by half and the number of fatalities by 40 per cent.

PACTS PUBLISHES A ROAD SAFETY REVIEW AFTER 10 YEARS OF THE “TOMORROW’S ROADS: SAFER FOR EVERYONE” STRATEGY

Countries Covered: Great Britain
Date:
 2010

The Parliamentary Advisory Council for Transport Safety(PACTS) has recently published its independent analysis of progress towards the 2010 road casualty reduction targets. The analysis is based on data up to the end of 2008.  Confirmed casualty data for 2010 will not be available until June 2011.

LONDON MOBILE PHONE AND SEAT BELT SURVEY 2009

Countries Covered: England
Date:
 2010

The following study has found that the number of car drivers illegally using hand-held mobile phones at the w heel has doubled in the past two years. Similar patterns were observed among taxi and van drivers.

ONLINE VIDEO EDUCATES CYCLISTS AND DRIVERS OF HEAVY GOODS VEHICLES ABOUT SAFETY SHARING THE ROAD

Countries Covered: Ireland
Date: 
2010

new on-line video has been produced to educate cyclists and drivers of heavy goods vehicles (HGV) about safely sharing the road, particularly in urban areas.  The initiative was led by the Road Safety Authority in association with the Department of Transport, Dublin City Council, Local Authorities, Irish Road Haulage Association and Cyclist.ie.

‘EMBRACE LIFE’ SEAT BELT CAMPAIGN VIDEO

Countries Covered: World
Date: 
2010

An extremely popular seat belt campaign developed by Sussex Safer Roads Partnership (SSRP) has released a video.

ROAD SAFETY ANALYSIS WEBSITE

Countries Covered: Great Britain
Date:
 2009

A new road safety website was launched in September 2009 at the same time as Road Casualties Great Britain. It is aimed at road safety practitioners and  provides integrated crash and sociodemographic analysis, facilitating decisions about intervention strategies to reduce casualties and increase efficiency.

SOCIAL MARKETING GUIDANCE: WORKING TOGETHER TO TACKLE HIGH RISK DRIVING

Countries Covered: England
Date:
 2009

The Department of Health has launched new guidance to help Primary Care Trusts to develop social marketing activity to tackle higher risk drinking behaviour. This guidance is one of a number of tools that are being developed to support PCTs in delivering local and regional programmes to reduce alcohol harm.

A SAFER WAY: CONSULTATION ON MAKING BRITAIN’S ROADS THE SAFEST IN THE WORLD

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2009

This consultation document includes proposed targets for reductions in deaths and serious injuries to be achieved by 2020. The views received in response to the proposals put forward will influence the final shape of the Department’s next road safety strategy, which is due to be published at the end of the year.

MAKE ROADS SAFE CAMPAIGN

Countries Covered: World
Date: 
2009

The ‘Make Roads Safe’ report, endorsed by the world’s leading road safety experts, urges UN governments attending the first ever global governmental conference on road safety in Moscow in November, to support a ‘Decade of Action for Road Safety’ between 2010-2020. During the Decade the international community should invest in a $300 million action plan to catalyse traffic injury prevention and re-focus national road safety policies and budgets.

MIND THE ROAD! ONLINE ROAD SAFETY RESOURCES FOR CHILD MINDERS

Countries Covered: England
Date:
 2009

CAPT has launched a new online resource aimed at childminders. Mind the Road! has been produced with the support of the Department for Transport, and brings together a broad range of free downloadable resources to support childminders working with children and families

TRL CHILD SAFETY SEAT RATING

Countries Covered: World
Date: 
2009

TRL, the UK’s Transport Research Laboratory, have launched a new independent safety rating system for child seats in vehicles, to better inform consumer choice when purchasing a child seat.

SPEED MANAGEMENT: A ROAD SAFETY MANUAL FOR DECISION-MAKERS AND PRACTITIONERS

Countries Covered: World
Date: 
2008

This speed management manual proposes simple, effective and low-cost solutions to excessive and inappropriate speed that can be implemented on a national or local level. It targets governments, non-governmental organizations and road safety practitioners, particularly those in low- and middle-income countries. The manual is based on a modular structure that provides evidence, examples, case studies and practical steps on how to manage vehicle speed.

PREVENTION OF ROAD TRAFFIC INJURIES AMONG THE ELDERLY

Countries Covered: Europe
Date: 
2007

Prevention of Road Traffic Injuries Among the Elderly – produced by EUNESE

ROAD SAFETY AUTHORITY STRATEGY 2007-2011

Countries Covered: Ireland
Date: 
2007

Ireland’s third Road Safety Strategy seeks to build on the progress and understanding provided by the first two strategies (1998-2002 and 2004-2006), with the objective of radically – and sustainably – improving safety on Irish roads. It draws on the insight and experience of countries implementing best practice in road safety, among them The Netherlands, Sweden, United Kingdom, Norway and France. New Zealand, the states of Victoria and Queensland in Australia, and a number of states in the USA also provided valuable input.

TOMORROW’S ROADS – SAFER FOR EVERYONE: THE SECOND THREE-YEAR REVIEW

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2007

This document reports on the second three-year review of the strategy Tomorrow’s roads – safer for everyone. It reports against the 2010 Public Service Agreement (PSA) targets and makes a general assessment of policy implementation, giving examples to illustrate where relevant. Given that there are only a few years left until 2010, this report also identifies the priority areas for attention and sets out what is intended to make Britain’s roads safer. This approach is jointly promoted by the Department for Transport (DFT), the Scottish Executive and the Welsh Assembly Government.

YOUTH AND ROAD SAFETY IN EUROPE

Countries Covered: Europe
Date: 
2007

This briefing, along with the global report Youth and road safety, highlights some of the risk factors that put young people at increased risk. Although also relevant to all ages, factors such as speed, alcohol, not being conspicuous, not using crash helmets, seat-belts and child passenger restraints and road and vehicle designs that do not have inherent safety features built in increase the likelihood of serious road crashes.

CAPIC ANALYSIS: STATS19 COLLISION DATA

Countries Covered: Wales
Date: 1994-2005

CAPIC has analyzed STATS19 data in Wales, which details the nature and location of the collision and a crude classification of injury severity.  The data are very useful for mapping the locations of collisions to plan road safety interventions.  These analysis were performed for years ranging from 1994 to 2005.

GUIDELINES FOR EVALUATING ROAD SAFETY EDUCATION INTERVENTIONS

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2004

This is a 6 year guideline aimed to assist road safety officers and other practitioners to conduct their own evaluations and to better informed when commissioning an evaluation.  Education measures from part of this strategy to improve the road safety of road users. The guidelines are based upon a critical review of recent developments in evaluation techniques and those already in use over the whole field of education, health and safety research undertaken by an expert in the field of evaluation.

FULL GUIDANCE ON LOCAL TRANSPORT PLANS: SECOND EDITION

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2004

This document is aimed principally at transport planning professionals and sets out the Government’s guidance to local authorities on the approaches and methods they should adopt when drawing up their next Local Transport Plans (LTPs).  This guidance’s aim is to facilitate the delivery of better local transport as quickly as possible, by: enhancing the quality of local transport planning; increasing the effectiveness of the LTP system as a performance management system; and focusing efforts on a small number of key priorities.

POLICY, PLANNING AND DESIGN FOR WALKING AND CYCLING

Countries Covered: Wales
Date:
 2004

This strategy for Wales sets out the policy context that supports the promotion of pedestrian and cycling facilities.  It also describes common design principles for pedestrian and cycle provision.

DJACENT AND SHARED USE FACILITIES FOR PEDESTRIANS AND CYCLISTS

Countries Covered: Wales
Date:
 2004

This strategy for Wales aimed to make it easier for people to walk or cycle to provision of shared or adjacent routes.  Improving safety for vulnerable road users is crucial in promoting the feasibility of these forms of transport.  All possibilities here are considered.

TOMORROW’S ROADS SAFER FOR EVERYONE. THE FIRST THREE – YEAR REVIEW

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2004

The Government’s road safety strategy Tomorrow’s roads – safer for everyone published in March 2000 set out a framework for delivering further improvements in road safety over the next decade and established new long term 10 year casualty reduction targets to be achieved by 2010.

THE FUTURE OF TRANSPORT

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2004

This is a strategy looks at the factors that will shape travel and transport networks.  It sets out the government’s vision for transport and how they will respond to those pressure, safeguarding economic and social well being and environment.  The document is built around three key themes:  (i) Sustained investment over the long term (ii) Improvements in transport management (iii) Planning ahead.

ROAD SAFETY STRATEGY FOR WALES

Countries Covered: Wales
Date:
 2003

This is a 7 year programme is aimed at to reduce real and perceived danger for all road and footway users in Wales in order to promote safe and sustainable access.  The areas discussed in this document include road safety (e.g. targets, reducing road danger, joint working with other policy areas), delivering road safety standards, investigating collisions and causalities, safety for children, speed management, safety for pedestrians and cyclists, safety for horse riders, safety for motor vehicle users and safety for motorcyclists.

WALKING AND CYCLING STRATEGY FOR WALES

Countries Covered: Wales
Date:
 2003

This strategy aims to promote walking and cycling and their role in how we travel in Wales. The document points out the disadvantages of using private cars, particularly for short journeys. It highlights the benefits that walking and cycling can bring e.g. health, environmental, etc.  Delivering the strategy will mean that eh Welsh Assembly Government and its stakeholders will have to work together in partnership to make change happen.

NORTHERN IRELAND ROAD SAFETY STRATEGY 2002-2012

Countries Covered: Northern Ireland
Date: 
2002

The Northern Ireland Road Safety Strategy seeks to promote an integrated approach to the planning, co-ordination and delivery of the Government’s road safety activities over the next decade, aimed at achieving the casualty reduction targets set out in the next section. It represents the commitment of the departments and agencies, whose activities contribute to road casualty reduction, to addressing the strategic objectives set out in the consultation document.

CHILD ROAD SAFETY – ACHIEVING THE 2010 TARGET

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2002

When the Government’s Road Safety StrategyTomorrow’s Roads – Safer for Everyone, was published in March 2000, it included targets to reduce the number of people killed or seriously injured (KSI) in Great Britain as a result of road traffic accidents by 40%, and a more stringent target for children (under 16 years of age). The child target is a 50% reduction compared with the average for 1994-98. This child safety strategy sets out what will be done to improve road safety for children aged up to 15 to help meet the 2010 casualty reduction target, identifying priority areas and producing plans for further action.

THE TRANSPORT FRAMEWORK FOR WALES

Countries Covered: Wales
Date:
 2001

A better and sustainable transport system is the strategic aim of the Transport Framework . The document sets out how the National Assembly for Wales aims to lead and support the delivery of the transport infrastructure and services needed in Wales.     Strategies identified will help guide and determine how and where future developments should be made to meet Wales’ economic, social and environmental needs.

TOMORROW’S ROADS SAFER FOR EVERYONE

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2000

This is a 10 year plan setting out the main ways the government plans to improve road safety.  The target is to reduce deaths and serious injuries overall by 40% and by 50% for children and also to keep slight injuries well below the increase in traffic. Safety is the most important responsibility of anyone involved in transport. Government, local authorities, police officers, civil engineers, car makers all have a role in creating the conditions for safe travel. New technology too will continue to play an important role. But we all have a responsibility as users drivers, riders, walkers, all of us.

TRANSPORT TEN YEAR PLAN 2000

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2000

This plan is designed to deliver the Government’s priorities: reduced congestion, better integration, and a wider choice of quicker, safer, more reliable travel on road, rail and other public transport.

NEW DIRECTIONS IN SPEED MANAGEMENT

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2000

To achieve road safety targets this speed policy review has been developed to contribute to the reduction in death and injury on our roads by aiming for appropriate speeds on all roads.  Best practice in engineering, enforcement, education and publicity to achieve a workable and cost-effective approach has been examined.

A NEW DEAL FOR TRANSPORT: BETTER FOR EVERYONE

Countries Covered: UK
Date:
 1998

This document sets out the Government’s manifesto to create a more integrated transport system to tackle the problems of congestion and pollution through better public transport.  Throughout the document safety and injury prevention are considered for all modes of transport. It is recognised that cars will remain important and its use continuing to grow so the priority is maintaining existing roads and better management of the road network to improve reliability.