Category Archives: Violence Prevention

ENGLAND & WALES: VIOLENCE AT WORK: FINDINGS FROM THE 2013/14 CRIME SURVEY

The number and incidence rate of violent incidents at work has declined over the last decade.

Findings from the 2013/14 Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW) show that:

  • the risk of being a victim of actual or threatened violence at work is similar to the last five years with an estimated 1.1% of working adults the victims of one or more violent incidents at work (CSEW)
  • in 2013/14, the survey estimated 257 000 adults of working age in employment experienced work related violence including threats and physical assault
  • there were an estimated 583 000 incidents of violence at work according to the 2013/14 CSEW, comprising 269 000 assaults and 314 000 threats. This was lower than the estimated 656 000 incidents in the 2012/13 survey but this change is not statistically significant.
  • the 2013/14 CSEW estimated that 1.0% of women and 1.2% of men were victims of violence at work once or more during the year prior to their interview

FURTHER INFORMATION: www.gov.uk/government/statistics/violence-at-work-findings-from-201415-crime-survey-for-england-and-wales

WORLD: NEW STUDY HIGHLIGHTS NEED TO SCALE UP VIOLENCE PREVENTION EFFORTS GLOBALLY

The Global status report on violence prevention 2014 reveals that 475 000 people were murdered in 2012, and homicide is the third leading cause of death globally for males aged 15-44 years, highlighting the urgent need for more decisive action to prevent violence.

WORLD: WHO: INJURIES AND VIOLENCE: THE FACTS 2014

A new document by WHO highlights that more than 5 million people die each year as a result of injuries, resulting from acts of violence against oneself or others, road traffic crashes, burns, drowning, falls, and poisonings, among other causes.

 

EUROPE: CHILD MALTREATMENT: ACTION PLAN FOR WHO– EUROPE

On 17 September 2014 the 64th session of the WHO Regional Committee for Europe adopted a resolution to implement the European child maltreatment prevention action plan 2015–2020.

 

ENGLAND: FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION PREVALENCE DATASET

The Health and Social Care Information Centre (HSCIC) has developed a new ‘Female Genital Mutilation Prevalence Dataset’. This is a monthly return of aggregated patient data generated by acute hospital providers in England.

Data is now being reported online monthly at regional level.

 

ENGLAND: DOMESTIC VIOLENCE TOOLKITS

Public Health England has supported two initiatives to raise awareness and tackle the problem of domestic violence:

  • the ‘Intervention Initiative toolkit’ – an educational toolkit and programme to encourage students to stand up against and prevent sexual coercion and domestic abuse in university settings. The programme is to be used by universities, ideally as part of their curriculum.
  • the ‘violence toolkit for business’ – a guide and toolkit aimed at businesses that lack an infrastructure to deal with domestic violence. This provides resources for businesses to take part in the ‘16 Days of Action’ campaign (25 November to 10 December) and to raise awareness of an issue that impacts health, wellbeing, absence and turn over in the workplace.

INTERVENTION INITIATIVE TOOLKIT: http://www1.uwe.ac.uk/bl/research/interventioninitiative/thetoolkit.aspx

VIOLENCE TOOLKIT FOR BUSINESS: http://16daysofaction.co.uk/

 

WALES: BURDEN OF INJURY REPORTS FOCUSING ON ROAD TRAFFIC COLLISIONS, ASSAULTS, POISONINGS AND FALLS.

Following on from the 2012 Wales Burden of Injuries report, PHWs in association with CAPIC, have produced four interim reports focusing on data updates in four key areas; road traffic collisions, assaults, poisonings and falls.  These reports  present additional figures from 2011 and 2012, as well as more detailed socio-economic profiles.

There are still a number of data completeness and coding issues and some of the differences reported here may reflect variations in data quality. Nevertheless, the best way to improve data quality is to use the data and stimulate interest in the results.

To download the reports please click on the links below:

The Burden of Injury in Wales – Road Traffic Collisions

The Burden of Injury in Wales – Poisonings

The Burden of Injury in Wales – Assaults

The Burden of Injury in Wales – Falls

ENGLAND & WALES: LATEST ON CRIME IN ENGLAND AND WALES (PERIOD ENDING MARCH 2014)

The Office for National Statistics has published the latest annual statistical bulletin: ‘Crime in England and Wales, Year Ending March 2014’ which draws on two principal sources of data: the Crime Survey for England and Wales and police recorded crime. The crime survey covers a broad range of victim based crimes and includes crimes which do not come to the attention of the police.

Key messages include:

  • a 20% fall in violence compared to the previous year according to the crime survey
  • a 6% increase in police recorded ‘violence against the person’ thought due to improved recording
  • Sexual offences recorded by the police saw a 20% rise from the previous year and continues the pattern seen in recent publications. This rise is related to the effect of the Operation Yewtree investigation, connected to the Jimmy Savile inquiry, whereby more victims are coming forward to report offences to the police. Improved compliance with the recording standards for sexual offences in some police forces may also be a factor.

FURTHER INFORMATION:
http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/crime-stats/crime-statistics/period-ending-march-2014/stb-crime-stats.html

 

 

ENGLAND: NEW RESOURCES TO SUPPORT THE USE OF HEALTH DATA IN LOCAL VIOLENCE PREVENTION

In Autumn 2014, the Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, will be publishing a suite of resources to help local areas address and prevent violent behaviour. The resources* focus on the use of health data (e.g. emergency department, ambulance service and hospital admissions data) to inform the development and targeting of violence prevention activities, aiming to:

  • Detail the health data sources available at a local level and demonstrate how they can be analysed;
  • Highlight how health data can inform violence prevention, including practical examples of use from areas across England;
  • Provide guidance on setting up health data sharing systems, including good practice case studies from a range of locality types.

The resources have been produced as part of the project Optimising the use of health data in local violence prevention, funded by the Department of Health. *Resources will include: violence profiles, illustrating how health data can be analysed at a local level; good practice case studies, providing detailed accounts of data sharing systems between emergency departments and local partners; and a guide to using health data in local violence prevention. For further details see: http://www.cph.org.uk/optimising-the-use-of-nhs-intelligence-in-local-violence-prevention-and-measuring-its-impact-on-violence/ For more information please contact: Zara Quigg, Senior Researcher, CPH/LJMU, z.a.quigg@ljmu.ac.uk

WORLD: 67TH WORLD HEALTH ASSEMBLY ADOPTS HISTORIC RESOLUTION “STRENGTHENING THE ROLE OF THE HEALTH SYSTEM IN ADDRESSING VIOLENCE, IN PARTICULAR AGAINST WOMEN AND GIRLS, AND AGAINST CHILDREN”

On 24 May 2014, the 67th World Health Assembly (WHA) adopted a historic resolution entitled “Strengthening the role of the health system in addressing violence, in particular against women and girls, and against children”.

Among other tasks, the resolution calls on WHO to prepare its first ever global plan of action on strengthening the role of the health system in addressing interpersonal violence, in particular against women and girls, and against children, which WHO is invited to present through the Executive Board to the 69th WHA in 2016. 

SCOTLAND: JUSTICE STRATEGY FOR SCOTLAND

The Scottish Government states “ Our vision is of a justice system that contributes positively to a flourishing Scotland, helping to create an inclusive and respectful society in which all people and communities live in safety and security, individual and collective rights are supported and disputes are resolved fairly and swiftly”.

The Strategy mentions a series of priorities including ‘Reducing crime, particularly violent and serious organised crime’ and ‘Reducing the damaging impacts of drug and alcohol problems’.

ENGLAND AND WALES: VIOLENT CRIME IN ENGLAND AND WALES FALLS AGAIN, A&E DATA SHOWS

Violent crime is continuing a long-term fall in England and Wales, according to annual figures from NHS hospitals.

EUROPE: NATIONAL ACTION TO ADDRESS CHILD INTENTIONAL INJURY LAUNCHED BY EUROPEAN CHILD SAFETY ALLIANCE

We are pleased to announce the launch of the report on National Action to Address Child Intentional Injury, by the European Child Safety Alliance with the support of Vice President of the European Parliament Isabelle Durant and  Chair of the European Network of Ombudspersons for Children Bernard de Vos,

The report and press release are available at www.childsafetyeurope.org

The report describes the prevalence of intentional injuries to children in the European Union, including maltreatment, peer to peer violence and self-directed violence, and examines the level of uptake of national level policies to address intentional child injuries in over 25 Member States.   This is the first time that national actions to address child intentional injury are being comprehensively assessed and reported on in the EU.

 

UK: TAKE HEAD INJURIES SERIOUSLY AND TREAT QUICKLY, SAYS NICE

Children and adults who suffer a head injury should be taken straight to a hospital with resuscitation facilities to avoid potentially serious complications, including disability or death, says NICE.

In an update to existing guidelines, NICE stresses the importance of early detection and prompt treatment for head injuries. Patients who have suffered a head injury but also begin to show particular signs that the injury may be serious or potentially life-threatening, such as seizures, fracture skull or loss of consciousness, should be given a CT brain scan within one hour.

DISCLOSURES OF CHILDHOOD ABUSE

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 2013

This NSPCC report describes the childhood experiences of abuse of 60 young men and women and how they sought help.

ALL PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS TO BE TAUGHT ABOUT ABUSE

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 2013

As part of the Now I Know programme run by the NSPCC, more than 4,500 “ChildLine Champions” will teach children between the ages of 9 and 11 about abuse, neglect and what to do if it’s happening to them.

VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN REPORT

The report presents the first global systematic review of scientific data on the prevalence of two forms of violence against women: violence by an intimate partner (intimate partner violence) and sexual violence by someone other than a partner (non-partner sexual violence). It shows, for the first time, global and regional estimates of the prevalence of these two forms of violence, using data from around the world. Previous reporting on violence against women has not differentiated between partner- and nonpartner violence.

DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND ABUSE: PROFESSIONAL GUIDANCE

Country: UK
Date: 2013
This DH guidance helps health professionals including midwives, health visitors and school nurses to recognise factors that may indicate domestic violence and abuse and describes steps to ensure appropriate support and referral where necessary. 

HOME OFFICE: THIS IS ABUSE – NEW ADVERT

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 2013

A series of three new hard hitting TV adverts has been launched as part of the This is Abuse campaign to raise awareness and challenge abusive behaviour in teenager relationships.

 

 

VIOLENCE AGAINST OLDER WOMEN

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 2013

The University of East Anglia have conducted research on intimate partner violence against older women (60+) and have produced a report of their findings.

 

ABUSE RESEARCH

Countries Covered: Wales
Date: 2013

The Unit for Development in Intellectual Disabilities at the University of Glamorgan has released the findings of their Looking into Abuse research

 

 

DUBLIN JOINS UNITED NATIONS WOMEN SAFE CITIES GLOBAL PROGRAMME

Countries Covered: Ireland
Date: 2013

Dublin City Council has joined the United Nations Women Safe Cities Global Programme (SCGP). The programme was launched in 2010 and works in cities across the globe to prevent and reduce sexual harassment and violence in public places.

 

 

HOME OFFICE: THIS IS ABUSE – NEW ADVERT LAUNCHED

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 2013
A series of three new hard hitting TV adverts has been launched as part of the This is Abuse campaign to raise awareness and challenge abusive behaviour in teenager relationships

VIOLENCE AGAINST OLDER WOMEN

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 2013

The University of East Anglia have conducted research on intimate partner violence against older women (60+) and have produced a report of their findings.

WHERE TO FIND INJURY DATA AND STATISTICS IN THE UK AND IRELAND?

Countries Covered: UK and Ireland
Date: 
2013

To help injury practitioners find relevant and up to date injury related statistics; IOBI have produced guides on where to find injury data in the constituent countries of the UK and Ireland. As well providing guidance on where to find general statistics, links to themed statistics (e.g. road accidents, self-harm, falls) are also provided. England and Wales guides also include: injury related strategies, policies and reviews, and further information on selected injury databases.

Please also refer to Data and Statistics in the Cross-Cutting Themes section

WIDER DEFINITION FOR DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND ABUSE

Countries covered: England and Wales
Years: 2013

The government has announced that the definition of domestic violence will be widened to include those aged 16-17 and wording to reflect coercive control. The decision follows a Government consultation which saw respondents call overwhelmingly for this change.

NEW POWERS TO PROTECT ADULT VICTIMS OF SUSPECTED ABUSE

Countries Covered: Wales
Date: 
2013

It has been announced that new powers to protect adults suspected of being victims of abuse are to be proposed in Wales.

WELSH GOVERNMENT LAUNCHES CAMPAIGN AGAINST DOMESTIC ABUSE

Countries Covered: Wales
Date: 
2013

Live Fear Free is the latest part of the Welsh Government’s six-year strategy aimed at ending violence against women in Wales.

PROTECTING PEOPLE, PROMOTING HEALTH: A PUBLIC HEALTH APPROACH TO VIOLENCE PREVENTION FOR ENGLAND

Countries Covered: England
Date: 
2013

The North West Public Health Observatory (NWPHO) released a report titled ‘Protecting People, Promoting Health A public health approach to violence prevention for England‘ in October last year.

This report presents new figures on the cost of violence, estimating national costs to the NHS and a wider cost to society, in order to provide information and evidence for policy makers and commissioners to use in developing preventative approaches with stra-tegic partners. It aims to increase awareness and strengthen commitment to prevention across government, NHS, local authori-ties, private and voluntary sectors as well as education, employers and other agencies.

CAPIC SYSTEMATIC REVIEW DATABASE & SAFETYLIT

Countries Covered: Europe
Date: 
2013

CAPIC SYSTEMATIC REVIEW DATABASE & SAFETYLIT

A huge amount of research on preventing injuries is carried out across the world. It is difficult for injury prevention practitioners to keep up to date with the latest scientific evidence. Increasingly, scientists are pulling together all the high quality studies on particular topics and collating the results in systematic reviews.

PREVENTING CHILD MALTREATMENT

Countries Covered: World
Date: 
2012

To help meet the prevention challenges, WHO has collaborated with the International Society for Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (ISPCAN) in the development of ‘Preventing child maltreatment’.

GUIDANCE ON EMERGENCY DEPT DATA SHARING TO REDUCE VIOLENCE

Countries Covered: England and Wales
Date: 
2012

The Centre for Public Innovation has developed a website to provide advice and case studies on ‘Reducing Violence in our Community: Emergency Department Datasharing’. This website is designed to give all the tools needed to understand and set up local Datasharing arrangements using an Anonymised Assault Victim Dataset between your local Emergency Departments (EDs) and the Community Safety Partnership.

RESPONDING TO DOMESTIC VIOLENCE

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2012

The RCGP document provides guidance to general practitioners to help them respond effectively to patients experiencing domestic abuse.

GLOBAL CAMPAIGN FOR VIOLENCE PREVENTION (GCVP)

Countries Covered: World
Date: 
2012

The World Health Organization launched its Plan of Action for theGlobal Campaign for Violence Prevention (GCVP) for 2012 and the following seven years. The plan aims to unify the efforts of the main actors in international violence prevention and identify a focussed set of priorities for the field.

PREVENTING VIOLENCE AND KNIFE CRIME AMONG YOUNG PEOPLE REPORT

Countries Covered: Europe
Date: 
2011

This report describes the burden that violence imposes on the Region, particularly its poorer countries and groups; risk factors and their interactions; factors that can protect young people from violence; and the evidence supporting the efficacy of preventive action. The report concludes by calling for greater investment in prevention and mainstreaming of the objective of preventing violence among young people into other areas of health and social policy.

VIOLENT BRITAIN: PEOPLE, PREVENTION AND PUBLIC HEALTH

Countries Covered: Europe
Date: 
2011

Report identifying the extent, costs and impacts of interpersonal violence in Britain, the risk factors for victims and perpetrators, interventions that can be effective in reducing violence and how these fit into national policy.  Each Chapter describes the extent and impacts of violence in Britain today, and identifies those most at risk of becoming either victims or perpetrators.

A&E CASUALTIES’ POLICE TIP-OFFS HELP CUT CARDIFF CRIME

Countries Covered: Wales
Date: 
2011

Information gathered from casualties admitted to A&E has been helping police target crime “hotspots” in Cardiff, reducing cases of violence. A four-year study saw 42% fewer woundings in the city compared with 14 similar cities in England and Wales. The World Health Organisation (WHO) is now calling for the project to be rolled out in other countries.

STREET LEVEL CRIME MAPS

Countries Covered: England and Wales
Date: 2011

New online crime maps for England and Wales have been launched, allowing users to see which offences have been reported in their local streets.

CONSULTATION ON DOMESTIC VIOLENCE DISCLOSURE SCHEME

Countries Covered: England and Wales
Date: 
2011

The Home Office has launched a consultation asking whether the protection of victims of domestic violence can be improved by the establishment of a national domestic violence disclosure scheme and, if so, how such a scheme could work in practice.

WHO RELEASES NEW SERIES OF SHORT COURSES ON VIOLENCE AND INJURY PREVENTION

Countries Covered: World
Date: 
2011

Violence and Injury prevention short courses provide a complete training resource for facilitators around the world. Each course addresses a specific injury or violence area and is designed to be delivered over 2-5 days.

11 EVIDENCED BASED REVIEWS RELEASED BY THE UK VIOLENCE AND INJURY PREVENTION FOCAL POINT

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2011

The UK Violence and Injury Prevention Focal Point, have released 11 evidenced based reviews (covering on Burns, Child Maltreatment, Childhood Injuries, Elder Abuse, Falls in Older People, Intimate Partner Violence, Road Traffic Accidents, Self Harm and Suicide, Sexual Violence, Sports Injuries and Youth Violence) designed for the non-specialist.

TOGETHER WE CAN END VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND GIRLS STRATEGY

Countries Covered: England and Wales
Date:
 2010

The Together We Can End Violence Against Women and Girls Strategy signals a new focus on preventing violence from happening. From 2011, preventing violence in relationships w ill be included in personal, social, health and economic education in schools. This w ill ensure that attitudes w hich condone and perpetuate violence against women are addressed before they become entrenched in young people.

NEW STRATEGY TO ENSURE THAT ALL WOMEN AND CHILDREN HAVE ‘THE RIGHT TO BE SAFE’

Countries Covered: Wales
Date:
 2010

‘The Right to be Safe’ Violence Against Women Strategy is an integrated strategy and implementation plan that will address all forms of violence against women in Wales, extending beyond domestic abuse to tackle issues such as honour based violence, female genital mutilation and forced marriage.

NEW REPORT SHOWS EXTENT OF PEAK IN A&E ATTENDANCES FOR ASSAULT ON FRIDAY AND SATURDAY NIGHTS

Countries Covered: England
Date:
 2011

Hospital records published by The NHS Information Centre reveal for the first time the pattern of people attending A&E due to assault. Of the nearly 13.8 million recorded attendances at A&E in 2008/09, 1.3 per cent (181,568) were due to assault – with attendances for assault peaking sharply on Friday and Saturday nights.

DOCTORS MUST REPORT KNIFE INJURIES TO POLICE UNDER NEW GMC GUIDANCE

Countries Covered: Great Britain
Date:
 2009

Doctors should report knife injuries to the police despite the general obligation to keep patients’ information confidential, says new guidance from the General Medical Council. Currently doctors are required to report gunshot wounds to police, but the revised guidance, which comes into force on 12 October, requires them for the first time also to report attacks with a knife, blade, or sharp instrument, whether the patient is an adult or a child.

PREVENTING VIOLENCE AND REDUCING ITS IMPACT: HOW DEVELOPMENT AGENCIES CAN HELP

Countries Covered: World
Date: 
2008

This document makes the case that violence seriously hampers the development of low- and middle-income countries. It calls for increased attention to, and investment in, violence prevention by development agencies and identifies gaps in their current programming. It recommends a strengthened agenda to prevent violence and reduce its impact in low- and middle-income countries.

SAVING LIVES. REDUCING HARM. PROTECTING THE PUBLIC. AN ACTION PLAN FOR TACKLING VIOLENCE 2008 – 2011

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2008

This plan sets out a range of actions that the Government will be driving forward to reduce priority crime types, including gun and gang-related crime; knife crime; and sexual and domestic violence. Serious violence covers a wide range of offences, including homicide and serious wounding, offences involving weapons, domestic violence, hate crime and serious sexual offences including rape.

MANUAL FOR ESTIMATING THE ECONOMIC COSTS OF INJURIES DUE TO INTERPERSONAL AND SELF-DIRECTED VIOLENCE

Countries Covered: World
Date: 
2008

The manual provides a standardized set of recommendations to estimate the direct and indirect economic costs of interpersonal and self-directed violence. It is intended primarily for economists, public health experts and researchers interested in conducting studies of this nature.

YOUTH CRIME ACTION PLAN 2008

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2008

The youth crime action plan is a comprehensive, cross-government analysis of what the government is going to do to tackle youth crime.  It sets out a ‘triple track’ approach of enforcement and punishment where behaviour is unacceptable, non-negotiable support and challenge where it is most needed, and better and earlier prevention.

VIOLENCE REDUCTION UNIT STRATEGIC PLAN

Countries Covered: Scotland
Date:
 2007

The Violence Reduction Unit Strategic Plan is intended to serve as a framework for securing support and approval and to instigate detailed planning. By explaining their aspirations for Scotland, they hope to encourage and motivate others to become involved in making Scotland a place where violence is considered an aberration, where children, young people and adults no longer face the challenges that interpersonal violence presents in 2007.

WORLD REPORT ON VIOLENCE AND HEALTH

Countries Covered: England and Wales
Date: 
2002

This is the first World report on violence and health. It is aimed mainly at researchers and practitioners. The latter include health care workers, social workers, those involved in developing and implementing prevention programmes and services, educators and law enforcement officials.