Category Archives: Violence Prevention

WORLD: NEW STUDY HIGHLIGHTS NEED TO SCALE UP VIOLENCE PREVENTION EFFORTS GLOBALLY

The Global status report on violence prevention 2014 reveals that 475 000 people were murdered in 2012, and homicide is the third leading cause of death globally for males aged 15-44 years, highlighting the urgent need for more decisive action to prevent violence.

WORLD: WHO: INJURIES AND VIOLENCE: THE FACTS 2014

A new document by WHO highlights that more than 5 million people die each year as a result of injuries, resulting from acts of violence against oneself or others, road traffic crashes, burns, drowning, falls, and poisonings, among other causes.

 

EUROPE: CHILD MALTREATMENT: ACTION PLAN FOR WHO– EUROPE

On 17 September 2014 the 64th session of the WHO Regional Committee for Europe adopted a resolution to implement the European child maltreatment prevention action plan 2015–2020.

 

ENGLAND: FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION PREVALENCE DATASET

The Health and Social Care Information Centre (HSCIC) has developed a new ‘Female Genital Mutilation Prevalence Dataset’. This is a monthly return of aggregated patient data generated by acute hospital providers in England.

Data is now being reported online monthly at regional level.

 

ENGLAND: DOMESTIC VIOLENCE TOOLKITS

Public Health England has supported two initiatives to raise awareness and tackle the problem of domestic violence:

  • the ‘Intervention Initiative toolkit’ – an educational toolkit and programme to encourage students to stand up against and prevent sexual coercion and domestic abuse in university settings. The programme is to be used by universities, ideally as part of their curriculum.
  • the ‘violence toolkit for business’ – a guide and toolkit aimed at businesses that lack an infrastructure to deal with domestic violence. This provides resources for businesses to take part in the ‘16 Days of Action’ campaign (25 November to 10 December) and to raise awareness of an issue that impacts health, wellbeing, absence and turn over in the workplace.

INTERVENTION INITIATIVE TOOLKIT: http://www1.uwe.ac.uk/bl/research/interventioninitiative/thetoolkit.aspx

VIOLENCE TOOLKIT FOR BUSINESS: http://16daysofaction.co.uk/

 

ENGLAND: NEW RESOURCES TO SUPPORT THE USE OF HEALTH DATA IN LOCAL VIOLENCE PREVENTION

In Autumn 2014, the Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, will be publishing a suite of resources to help local areas address and prevent violent behaviour. The resources* focus on the use of health data (e.g. emergency department, ambulance service and hospital admissions data) to inform the development and targeting of violence prevention activities, aiming to:

  • Detail the health data sources available at a local level and demonstrate how they can be analysed;
  • Highlight how health data can inform violence prevention, including practical examples of use from areas across England;
  • Provide guidance on setting up health data sharing systems, including good practice case studies from a range of locality types.

The resources have been produced as part of the project Optimising the use of health data in local violence prevention, funded by the Department of Health. *Resources will include: violence profiles, illustrating how health data can be analysed at a local level; good practice case studies, providing detailed accounts of data sharing systems between emergency departments and local partners; and a guide to using health data in local violence prevention. For further details see: http://www.cph.org.uk/optimising-the-use-of-nhs-intelligence-in-local-violence-prevention-and-measuring-its-impact-on-violence/ For more information please contact: Zara Quigg, Senior Researcher, CPH/LJMU, z.a.quigg@ljmu.ac.uk

WORLD: 67TH WORLD HEALTH ASSEMBLY ADOPTS HISTORIC RESOLUTION “STRENGTHENING THE ROLE OF THE HEALTH SYSTEM IN ADDRESSING VIOLENCE, IN PARTICULAR AGAINST WOMEN AND GIRLS, AND AGAINST CHILDREN”

On 24 May 2014, the 67th World Health Assembly (WHA) adopted a historic resolution entitled “Strengthening the role of the health system in addressing violence, in particular against women and girls, and against children”.

Among other tasks, the resolution calls on WHO to prepare its first ever global plan of action on strengthening the role of the health system in addressing interpersonal violence, in particular against women and girls, and against children, which WHO is invited to present through the Executive Board to the 69th WHA in 2016. 

UK: TAKE HEAD INJURIES SERIOUSLY AND TREAT QUICKLY, SAYS NICE

Children and adults who suffer a head injury should be taken straight to a hospital with resuscitation facilities to avoid potentially serious complications, including disability or death, says NICE.

In an update to existing guidelines, NICE stresses the importance of early detection and prompt treatment for head injuries. Patients who have suffered a head injury but also begin to show particular signs that the injury may be serious or potentially life-threatening, such as seizures, fracture skull or loss of consciousness, should be given a CT brain scan within one hour.

DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND ABUSE: PROFESSIONAL GUIDANCE

Country: UK
Date: 2013
This DH guidance helps health professionals including midwives, health visitors and school nurses to recognise factors that may indicate domestic violence and abuse and describes steps to ensure appropriate support and referral where necessary. 

PREVENTING CHILD MALTREATMENT

Countries Covered: World
Date: 
2012

To help meet the prevention challenges, WHO has collaborated with the International Society for Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (ISPCAN) in the development of ‘Preventing child maltreatment’.

GUIDANCE ON EMERGENCY DEPT DATA SHARING TO REDUCE VIOLENCE

Countries Covered: England and Wales
Date: 
2012

The Centre for Public Innovation has developed a website to provide advice and case studies on ‘Reducing Violence in our Community: Emergency Department Datasharing’. This website is designed to give all the tools needed to understand and set up local Datasharing arrangements using an Anonymised Assault Victim Dataset between your local Emergency Departments (EDs) and the Community Safety Partnership.

RESPONDING TO DOMESTIC VIOLENCE

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2012

The RCGP document provides guidance to general practitioners to help them respond effectively to patients experiencing domestic abuse.

STREET LEVEL CRIME MAPS

Countries Covered: England and Wales
Date: 2011

New online crime maps for England and Wales have been launched, allowing users to see which offences have been reported in their local streets.

WHO RELEASES NEW SERIES OF SHORT COURSES ON VIOLENCE AND INJURY PREVENTION

Countries Covered: World
Date: 
2011

Violence and Injury prevention short courses provide a complete training resource for facilitators around the world. Each course addresses a specific injury or violence area and is designed to be delivered over 2-5 days.

11 EVIDENCED BASED REVIEWS RELEASED BY THE UK VIOLENCE AND INJURY PREVENTION FOCAL POINT

Countries Covered: UK
Date: 
2011

The UK Violence and Injury Prevention Focal Point, have released 11 evidenced based reviews (covering on Burns, Child Maltreatment, Childhood Injuries, Elder Abuse, Falls in Older People, Intimate Partner Violence, Road Traffic Accidents, Self Harm and Suicide, Sexual Violence, Sports Injuries and Youth Violence) designed for the non-specialist.

PREVENTING VIOLENCE AND REDUCING ITS IMPACT: HOW DEVELOPMENT AGENCIES CAN HELP

Countries Covered: World
Date: 
2008

This document makes the case that violence seriously hampers the development of low- and middle-income countries. It calls for increased attention to, and investment in, violence prevention by development agencies and identifies gaps in their current programming. It recommends a strengthened agenda to prevent violence and reduce its impact in low- and middle-income countries.

MANUAL FOR ESTIMATING THE ECONOMIC COSTS OF INJURIES DUE TO INTERPERSONAL AND SELF-DIRECTED VIOLENCE

Countries Covered: World
Date: 
2008

The manual provides a standardized set of recommendations to estimate the direct and indirect economic costs of interpersonal and self-directed violence. It is intended primarily for economists, public health experts and researchers interested in conducting studies of this nature.

VIOLENCE REDUCTION UNIT STRATEGIC PLAN

Countries Covered: Scotland
Date:
 2007

The Violence Reduction Unit Strategic Plan is intended to serve as a framework for securing support and approval and to instigate detailed planning. By explaining their aspirations for Scotland, they hope to encourage and motivate others to become involved in making Scotland a place where violence is considered an aberration, where children, young people and adults no longer face the challenges that interpersonal violence presents in 2007.

WORLD REPORT ON VIOLENCE AND HEALTH

Countries Covered: England and Wales
Date: 
2002

This is the first World report on violence and health. It is aimed mainly at researchers and practitioners. The latter include health care workers, social workers, those involved in developing and implementing prevention programmes and services, educators and law enforcement officials.