Home Safety: Latest Research

CAPIC SYSTEMATIC REVIEW DATABASE & SAFETYLIT

A huge amount of research on preventing injuries is carried out across the world. It is difficult for injury prevention practitioners to keep up to date with the latest scientific evidence. Increasingly, scientists are pulling together all the high quality studies on particular topics and collating the results in systematic reviews.

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HIGHLIGHTED RESEARCH

Please find below a list of highlighted studies in this area:

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A WICKED PROBLEM: EARLY CHILDHOOD SAFETY IN THE DYNAMIC, INTERACTIVE ENVIRONMENT OF HOME

Countries Covered: New Zealand
Date: 2013

Young children being injured at home is a perennial problem. When parents of young children and family workers discussed what influenced parents’ perceptions and responses to child injury risk at home, both “upstream” and “downstream” causal factors were identified. Among the former, complex and interactive facets of society and contemporary living emerged as potentially critical features. The “wicked problems” model arose from the need to find resolutions for complex problems in multidimensional environments and it proved a useful analogy for child injury. Designing dynamic strategies to provide resolutions to childhood injury, may address our over-dependence on ‘tame solutions’ that only deal with physical cause-and-effect relationships and which cannot address the complex interactive contexts in which young children are often injured.

Citation: Simpson, J.; Fougere, G.; McGee, R. A Wicked Problem: Early Childhood Safety in the Dynamic, Interactive Environment of Home. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 201310, 1647-1664.

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RESEARCH DOCUMENT ON PREVENTING UNINTENTIONAL INJURIES

Countries Covered: Scotland
Date: 2013

NHS Health Scotland have released the following report ‘Evidence Summary: Public Health Interventions to prevent unintentional injuries among the under 15s”. The research considers injuries that happen in both the home and road environments.

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HOME SAFETY EDUCATION AND PROVISION OF SAFETY EQUIPMENT FOR INJURY PREVENTION
Countries Covered: UK
Date: 2012

This review evaluates the effectiveness of home safety education, with or without the provision of low cost, discounted or free equipment (hereafter referred to as home safety interventions), in reducing child injury rates or increasing home safety practices and whether the effect varied by social group.

Citation: Kendrick D, Young B, Mason-Jones AJ, Ilyas N, Achana FA, Cooper NJ, Hubbard SJ, Sutton AJ, Smith S, Wynn P, Mulvaney C, Watson MC, Coupland C. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012, Issue 9. Art. No.: CD005014. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005014.pub3

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EFFECT OF DRUG LAW ENFORCEMENT ON DRUG MARKET VIOLENCE: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW
Countries Covered: UK
Date: 2011

Conclusions: The report findings suggest that increasing drug law enforcement is unlikely to reduce drug market violence. Instead, the existing evidence base suggests that gun violence and high homicide rates may be an inevitable consequence of drug prohibition and that disrupting drug markets can paradoxically increase violence. In this context, and since drug prohibition has not meaningfully reduced drug supply, alternative regulatory models will be required if drug supply and drug market violence are to be meaningfully reduced.

Citation: Werb D, Rowell G, Guyatt G, Kerr T, Montaner J, Wood E. Int. J. Drug Policy 2011; ePub.

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THERMOSTATIC MIXING VALVES ARE PROVEN TO REDUCE BATH SCALDS
Countries Covered: UK
Date: 2011

A recent study involving the Glasgow Housing Association, the NHS and several universities, led by Professor Denise Kendrick at the University of Nottingham, explored the effectiveness of TMVs in over 100 homes in Glasgow. The study found that TMVs and accompanying educational leaflets are effective at reducing bath hot tap water temperatures in the short and longer term and are acceptable to families. The research team strongly recommends that whenever a bath is being replaced, it should be fitted with a TMV.

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BARRIERS TO, AND FACILITATORS OF, THE PREVENTION OF UNINTENTIONAL INJURY IN CHILDREN IN THE HOME: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW AND SYNTHESIS OF QUALITATIVE RESEARCH
Countries Covered: UK
Date: 2011

The review highlights ways in which health inequalities affect the take up and success of home safety interventions, and how health workers can use this knowledge to facilitate future interventions.

Citation: Smithson J, Garside R, Pearson M. IP Online First, published on November 21, 2010 as 10.1136/ip.2010.026989.

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